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Examine how the policies of the British were responsible for the famine in late 19th-century India.

Topic: Indian Freedom Struggle

1. Examine how the policies of the British were responsible for the famine in late 19th-century India. (150 Words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: India’s Struggle for Independence by Bipan Chandra, Insights On India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General Studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about how the policies of Britishers were responsible for famine in late 19th Century India.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction

Provide a brief overview of the late 19th-century famine in India and its devastating impact on the population.

Body

Introduction to British Policies in India

The economic policies implemented by the British administration, British control over land ownership and revenue systems.

Land Revenue policies and their impact: Examine the British land revenue policies, such as the Permanent Settlement and the Ryotwari System, which focused on maximizing revenue collection.

Commercialization of agriculture and export-oriented policies, Neglect of infrastructure and relief measures

Conclusion

Summarize the factors discussed and their socio-political implications. Highlight how the British policies had devastating consequences on the Indian population.