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What are the various bottlenecks to an energy secure India? How can the government ensure successful energy transition towards renewable sources? Examine the role of state governments as key drivers in achieving India’s renewable energy goals.

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

5. What are the various bottlenecks to an energy secure India? How can the government ensure successful energy transition towards renewable sources? Examine the role of state governments as key drivers in achieving India’s renewable energy goals.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The article titled discusses the significance of state-level actions in India’s energy transition.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the various bottlenecks to energy secure India, steps needed for energy transition and role of state governments in it.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define the giving context by citing a statistic about the current status of energy transition in India.

Body:

In the first part, write about the various bottlenecks for an energy secure India – coal shortages, volatility of crude oil, increasing demand, climate commitments and lack of diversification of resources.

Next, write about the various measures that are needed to transition towards renewable sources without adversely affecting energy security.

Next, examine the role state governments can play in the above. Write about their strengths and limitations.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.