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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 31 May 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. The artistic movement in Bengal during the struggle for India’s Independence played a crucial role in mobilizing public sentiment and fostering a sense of national pride and unity. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the emergence of nationalist school of painting in Bengal during the early twentieth century.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context that led to emergence of nationalist school of art.

Body:

Write about the artists of Bengal under the leadership Abanidranath Tagore and Nandalal Bose protested against British by rejecting to paint in Western style. Instead, they visited Ajanta and explored the possibilities of painting in Indian way by using natural, powder colours.

Next, write about the inspiration and influences they sought from east – Japanese artists, miniature art, revivalist style etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by the summarising.

 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2. Mughal painting is known for its intricate details, vibrant colors, and sophisticated techniques. It was heavily influenced by Persian, Central Asian, and Indian artistic traditions. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about features, development and evolution of painting under Mughal rulers.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Mention the origin and gradual evolution of Mughal painting.

Body:

First, mention that Mughal rulers further enriched the Indian painting. They introduced Persian court culture into Indian paintings. Then give an account of contribution of different Mughal rulers.  From this period book illumination or individual miniatures replaced wall painting as the most vital form of art.

E.g Emperor Akbar patronised artists from Kashmir and Gujarat; Humayun brought two Persian painters to his court. Mention Baburnama, Akbarnama, Abd-us-Samad Dasawanth and Basawan and their works.

Conclusion:

Form a concise and a fair conclusion on the above issue, based on your discussion

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.

3. Reforms at a structural level are necessary in India’s corporate governance system to enhance transparency, accountability, and efficiency. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: moneycontrol.com

Why the question:

The article discusses how the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has identified deficiencies in corporate governance practices at banks, despite the existence of guidelines. The RBI Governor highlighted the importance of strong corporate governance in maintaining the stability and integrity of the banking sector.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the reforms that are needed in corporate governance in India.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining corporate governance.

Body:

First, write about the various issues plaguing the corporate governance in India and substantiate with examples.

Next, write about various reforms that are needed to make corporate governance more effective in India – choosing independent directors, diversity in the selection of board members, penalties and effective regulation etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

4. While microfinance has the potential to contribute positively to these goals, its effectiveness can vary depending on various factors such as the regulatory environment, the availability of support services, and the sustainability of microfinance institutions. Elucidate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint , Insights on India

Why the question:

The article highlights the growth of the microfinance sector in India during the fiscal year 2022-2023. According to data from Sa-Dhan, a self-regulatory organization for microfinance institutions (MFIs), the microfinance portfolio witnessed a growth of 21% during this period.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the role of microfinance in inclusive growth and development.

Directive word: 

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by defining micro-finance and give context with respect to growth of micro-finance in India.

Body:

First, with examples, write about the role of micro finance in poverty reduction, empowerment of women, assisting vulnerable groups, and improving standards of living – financial inclusion, credit provision, financial services in unbanked areas, growth of NBFC’s, financial sustainability of the MSME sector and promoting women entrepreneurship etc.

Next, write about the shortcomings of MFIs.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Disaster and disaster management.

5. AI (Artificial Intelligence) has emerged as a powerful tool in early warning systems for disaster risk reduction. It plays a crucial role in saving lives and minimizing the economic impact of natural hazards. Examine.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: indiaai.gov.in

Why the question:

The article discusses the development of an early warning system using AI technology to predict potential tsunami risks.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the role of AI based early warning systems in disaster management.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining early warning systems as part of disaster management with an example.

Body:

Frist, mention the various types of early warning systems for varied disasters.

Next, write about the role of AI in early warning systems in preventing loss of life during a disaster – evacuation, information, rehabilitation etc.

Next, write about the role of AI in early warning systems in as reducing the economic impact of natural hazards – better planning, coordination etc. Cite examples.

Next, write about steps that are needed to promote AI based early warning systems.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward to include AI based early warning systems as an important part of disaster response.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“You are the average of the five people you spend the most time with.” – Jim Rohn

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by explaining the quote in your own words.

Body:

Explain the role of influence from the family, teachers and friends in the shaping of our attitudes. Elaborate upon as to how these various factors leads to formation of moral attitudes and thereby governing our behaviour. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing about need of cultivating the right attitude via positive influence.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators.

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Truth is like a torch; the more it’s shaken, the more it shines.” – Napoleon Bonaparte


Difficulty level: Easy

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Directive word: 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the quote in your word.

Body:

The sun sets, but we all know it will rise again in the morning. The moon rises when the sun sets and sets when the sun reappears. In other words, something that exists can be hidden for a certain period of time, but it will always reappear and the truth is the same. You can manipulate, distort the truth, hide it, but at some point, the truth will be known. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by emphasising on the importance of leading a truthful life.

 

UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice -31-5-2023

 


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