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Babool

Facts For Prelims:

 

Source: DTE

 Context: Studies have shown that arid plant babool has many benefits.

Babool Name: babool or gum Arabic (Acacia nilotica)

 About Babul

 It is a perennial, evergreen tree which is indigenous to Indian Sub-continent as well as in Tropical Africa, Burma, Sri Lanka, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and West and East Sudan. It occurs in tropical and subtropical regions of India.

Nutritional Value of Seeds Protein, fibre, fat, carbohydrates, Potassium, Phosphorus, Magnesium, Iron, Manganese
Antibacterial Activity of Pods Effective against gram-positive bacteria like Bacillus cereus and Staphylococcus aureus
Natural Food Preservative Pod extracts can replace synthetic food preservatives and inhibit microbial spoilage
Environment-Friendly Pest Control Babool seed oil can be an alternative to chemicals for controlling major farm pests
Medicinal Properties Young leaves improve digestion; Woody stems keep teeth clean and gums healthy; Bark treats burns, skin diseases, and infected wounds; The resin helps with various health issues
Animal Feed Leaves and pods are used as feed for animals, providing comparable nutrition to cottonseed meal
Nitrogen-Fixing and Reclamation Babool helps in the reclamation of degraded areas by fixing nitrogen and acting as a windbreak
Biodiversity and Climate Resilience Planting babool trees benefits biodiversity and helps combat desertification

Tags: GS3, Environment, Species, babool