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Decarbonising transport sector

GS Paper 3

 Syllabus: Conservation, Environmental Pollution and Degradation


Source: DTE

 Context: According to the ITF Transport Outlook 2023, acting now and decarbonising transportation can help in achieving the goals of the 2015 Paris Agreement.


The ITF Transport Outlook 2023: It was released by the International Transport Forum (ITF) at the Leipzig Transport Summit.


ITF: It is a think tank (administratively integrated with the OECD yet politically autonomous) for transport policy that organises the Annual Summit of transport ministers.


Leipzig (Germany) Transport Summit:

  • Transport ministers from across 64 member countries of the ITF gathered under the event theme of ‘Transport Enabling Sustainable Economies’.
  • The United Kingdom holds the current Presidency of the annual Summit.


Highlights of the ITF Transport Outlook 2023

  • If action to decarbonise transport is accelerated, the transport sector can still reduce its CO2 emissions by about 80% over the next 25 years (compared to 2019).
  • This drop will enable limiting the global temperature increase to “well below” 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels – the Paris Agreement goal.


Reaching this high-ambition scenario requires:

  • A combination of complementary policies that avoid unnecessary transport activity.
  • Shift to no-carbon transport and improve the efficiency of transport.
  • Scale up cost-competitive technologies and fuels to move people and goods with fewer emissions.


Advantage of reaching this high-ambition scenario: The total capital investment needs of core infrastructure (road, rail, airports and ports) will be 5% lower with ambitious policies in place than carrying on with business as usual.


Policy recommendations:



  • The Decarbonising Transport initiative of the ITF: Promotes carbon-neutral mobility to help stop climate change.
  • India:
    • Forum for Decarbonizing Transport: Launched by NITI Aayog and WRI India, the project aims at bringing down the peak level of GHG emissions (transport sector) in Asia.
    • EVs: National Electric Mobility Mission Plan, FAME Scheme, Incentives under PLI Scheme, etc.
    • Alternative fuels (CNG, etc), Ethanol blending, hybrid vehicles, BS (VI) norms, etc.


Insta Links:

Decarbonizing Transport Project