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Civil society in India contributes to its pluralistic nature by promoting inclusivity and advocating for social causes. These efforts provide alternatives beyond electoralism and create a more inclusive and diverse society. Analyse.

Topic: Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

3. Civil society in India contributes to its pluralistic nature by promoting inclusivity and advocating for social causes. These efforts provide alternatives beyond electoralism and create a more inclusive and diverse society. Analyse.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

The article argues that civil society’s active engagement is imperative for addressing societal issues, protecting human rights, and fostering pluralism in India.

Key Demand of the question: 

To write about the functions of civil society and their successes and limitations in India.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning how civil society is considered as the 5th Pillar of democracy.

Body:

First, write about civil society refers to the arena of voluntary organizations, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), community groups, and citizens actively engaged in social, cultural, and political activities outside of the state apparatus.

Next, write about these organizations and individuals play a crucial role in fostering pluralism in India by providing alternatives beyond the ritualistic game of electoralism. Substantiate using examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that good governance can be achieved through the active participation of all the stakeholders and the civil society being the lynchpin in this.