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There are various administrative obstacles that Indian tribunals encounter, resulting in the inefficiency of the Indian tribunal system, and causing delays in the resolution of cases. Analyse.

Topic: Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies

4. There are various administrative obstacles that Indian tribunals encounter, resulting in the inefficiency of the Indian tribunal system, and causing delays in the resolution of cases. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Hindustan TimesInsights on India

Why the question:

The Supreme Court has encouraged all courts and tribunals to adopt technology by switching to e-filing of cases and ending the “old and outmoded” ways of filing cases in paper format, stressing that they do not have a choice but to modernise.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the various issues in the functioning of tribunals in India and to suggest measures to resolve them.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a brief description about tribunals and their purpose of removing delayed justice and also adjudicate on technical issues. Mention relevant articles of constitution associated with tribunals.

Body:

Firstly, give brief history of tribunals in India. With the use of statistics and facts such as number of tribunals established.

Discuss the performance of tribunals with respect to case pendency, adjudication, appeals, appointments, etc.

Also, mention latest court judgements related to tribunals to bring in more independence of the Tribunals from the executives. Mention about the National Tribunal Commission and issue of manpower in the Tribunals.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward to make dispensation of justice via tribunals more effective.