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The drugs issue in Manipur has transformed in recent years, as illegal poppy farming has emerged in the Manipur hills alongside the pre-existing transit routes. Examine its impact on the state and internal security of India. Suggest steps to counter the aforementioned issues.

Topic: Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

5. The drugs issue in Manipur has transformed in recent years, as illegal poppy farming has emerged in the Manipur hills alongside the pre-existing transit routes. Examine its impact on the state and internal security of India. Suggest steps to counter the aforementioned issues. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The number of Manipur’s hill villages grew 64% after 1969; a top State official terms it ‘unnatural growth’ linked to poppy cultivation and Myanmarese Kuki migrants.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about increasing trend in drug trafficking and cultivation in Manipur and counter measures needed to be taken by India.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mention the presence of Golden Triangle and draw a small map to represent the same.

Body:

First, India’s vulnerability to the trafficking of narcotics and drugs such as heroin, hashish, and synthetic drugs produced in these areas.

Next, write about the Increased production of opium in Manipur, greater domestic demand in India, and connivance of state government officials and border guarding forces together contributed towards this increase in heroin trafficking, explain the trends in drug and narcotics trafficking; explain how it’s a threat to national security.

Next, write about the efforts of the government that are needed in this direction.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.