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Quota in Urban Local Bodies

 

Source: IE

 Context: The Haryana Cabinet has accepted the State Backward Classes Commission’s report on the proportion of reservations for the Backward Classes Block-A category in urban local bodies.

 

Recommendation of the commission:

  • The commission has recommended that every municipal body should have at least one councillor belonging to BC (A) if its population is not less than two per cent of the total population of the urban local body.
  • There are 78 backward classes in Haryana and 72 of them have been notified in the Block-A sub-category and six in the Block-B category.

 

OBC reservation in local body polls:

Information Details
Supreme Court As per the directions of the Supreme Court, the reservation shall not exceed the aggregate of 50 per cent of the total seats reserved
Triple test formula In December 2021 the Supreme Court directed that reservation for OBCs in local bodies will not be permitted unless they fulfil the triple test ( laid down in the SC’s own 2010 decision)

 

Other states with OBC reservation Madhya Pradesh; 27% OBC reservations in local body elections in Maharashtra; 33% quota for OBCs in ULB polls in Karnataka
Reservation provisions for SC/ST Provided in the 73rd & 74th Constitutional Amendment Act of 1992. Article 243T makes provisions for the reservation of seats in ULBs.

·        Seats are reserved for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes in every Municipally.

·        Not less than one-third of the total number of seats are reserved for women.

·        The office of Chairpersons in the Municipalities shall be reserved for the Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes and women.

Other Commissions Kalelkar Commission identified backward classes other than SCs and STs in 1953. Mandal Commission (1980) estimated the OBC population at 52% and recommended increasing existing quotas to 49.5%.