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Lesser flamingos


Source: TH

 Context: After a six-year absence, a group of lesser flamingos has returned to Pulicat Lake in Chennai


About the lesser flamingo:

The lesser flamingo is the smallest species of flamingo, though it is a tall and large bird by most standards, with pale pink colour and deep red legs and bills. Their colour comes from the carotenoid pigments they consume as part of their diet.
Size Approximately 80 to 90 cm long; females are smaller
Diet Microscopic blue-green algae and benthic diatoms; Small aquatic invertebrates such as rotifers (less often)
Habitat Large undisturbed alkaline and saline lakes, salt pans, coastal lagoons, and estuaries
Range Primarily eastern and southern Africa; Madagascar, Yemen, Pakistan and Western India
Conservation Status IUCN: Near Threatened; CITES: Appendix II
Facts Its name has been derived from Portuguese, meaning “red goose”. It is most numerous and lives in the largest flocks; Both males and females provide young with crop milk
About Pulicat Lake It is the second-largest brackish water lagoon in India, (after Chilika Lake). Its major part comes  in the Andhra Pradesh. It encompasses the Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary. The barrier island of Sriharikota separates the lagoon from the Bay of Bengal and is home to the Satish Dhawan Space Centre.