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Explain the concept of genome sequencing and highlight the significance of the Genome India Project.

Topic: Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

4. Explain the concept of genome sequencing and highlight the significance of the Genome India Project. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The Department of Biotechnology (DBT) recently said that the exercise to sequence 10,000 Indian human genomes and create a database under the Centre-backed Genome India Project is about two-thirds complete. About 7,000 Indian genomes have already been sequenced of which, 3,000 are available for public access by researchers.

Key Demand of the question: 

To write about genome sequencing, Genome India Project and its significance

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with a defining genome sequencing.

Body:

Firstly, in brief, explain the process of genome sequencing. Write about the advantages offered by the genome sequencing. Cite the recent Nobel prize for Medicine was based on genome sequencing.

Next, write about the aims and objectives and Genome India Project as well as steps taken so far in this regard. Write about its advantages in healthcare and research in India, and its contribution to global efforts to combat genetic diseases.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.