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To fully realize the potential of India’s demographic dividend, the government must address the significant gaps in education and skills training. Analyse.

Topic: population and associated issues

1. To fully realize the potential of India’s demographic dividend, the government must address the significant gaps in education and skills training. Analyse.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live MintInsights on India

Why the question:

The article discusses a recent report by the Brookings Institution that highlights the significant education and skilling gaps in India and how they are affecting the country’s macroeconomic outlook.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about demographic dividend, impediments to achieving and ways to overcome it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining demographic dividend and its various features.

Body:

First, write about the various impediments to achieving the dividend – demographic dividend may turn into a liability in the absence of enough jobs and the required skilled workforce etc.

Next, suggest ways to overcome the limitations.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.