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Examine the issues and challenges faced by the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs). Suggest additional measures that can be implemented to address their unique needs.

Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

3. Examine the issues and challenges faced by the Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs). Suggest additional measures that can be implemented to address their unique needs. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Down to Earth , Insights on India

Why the question:

The article discusses how a nutrition-focused approach helped improve the health of children belonging to Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) in remote areas of the Indian state of Odisha.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the issues faced by the PVTG and various measures needed to address them.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining PVTGs and cite examples of few.

Body:

First, write about the issues faced by the PVTGs – health problems, poverty, lack of safe drinking water, bad sanitation, lack of health services, superstition, lack of access to development funds and deforestation etc.

Next, write about the various measures taken by the government for the welfare of PVTGs in the country. Write about their successes and limitations.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.