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Discuss the role of robotics in enhancing agricultural productivity and sustainability in India.

Topic: Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

5. Discuss the role of robotics in enhancing agricultural productivity and sustainability in India. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the role of robotics in agriculture – its potential and limitations.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the need to innovate in agriculture to meet the present day challenges.

Next, write about the potential advantages of the above – planting, harvesting, and weeding with greater speed, precision, and efficiency than human labour, to sustainable agriculture by minimizing the use of harmful chemicals and fertilizers and reducing water consumption.

Next, write about the shortcomings of the above – high costs, limited access to finance, and lack of technical expertise etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.