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Evaluate the effectiveness of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), 2005 and identify the challenges that must be addressed to enhance its performance?

Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

3. Evaluate the effectiveness of the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), 2005 and identify the challenges that must be addressed to enhance its performance? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

Swaraj Abhiyan’, a political party, on April 11 moved the Supreme Court seeking an urgent hearing on its plea for a direction to the Centre to ensure that States have adequate funds to implement the rural employment guarantee scheme, MGNREGA.

Key Demand of the question:

To critically write about the performance of MGNREGA and ways to improve its performance.

Directive word: 

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give brief introduction of aims and objectives of MGNREGA.

Body:

First, in brief, write about the salient features of NGNREGA.

Next, write about the successes and limitations of MGNREGA since its inception. Cite examples and statistics to substantiate.

Next, write about the measures that are needed to overcome the above-mentioned limitations.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward.