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What were the obstacles encountered by India after achieving independence in incorporating the princely state of Hyderabad into the Indian Union, and what strategies were employed to surmount them?

Topic: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

1. What were the obstacles encountered by India after achieving independence in incorporating the princely state of Hyderabad into the Indian Union, and what strategies were employed to surmount them? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

Speaking in a village of Bidar district on March 26, Home Minister Amit Shah said that there was ‘hesitation’ on the part of the Telangana government to celebrate Hyderabad Liberation Day. The next day, the Telangana government’s social media team cited media reports to contest Mr. Shah’s claim. Information Technology Minister K.T. Rama Rao said that the Telangana government had celebrated Telangana National Integration Day on September 17 last year.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the challenges in the integration of Hyderabad and how they were overcome.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of India at independence.

Body:

First, write about the various challenges in the integration of the princely state of Hyderabad – Nizam’s desire to remain independent, communal clashes, Razakar attacks, lack of administrative structures etc.

In the next part, write about the various steps that were taken in this regard to integrate Hyderabad with India.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.