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What is the Open Source Seeds movement? Evaluate the benefits and challenges of similar movements for Indian farmers in order to make plant breeding more accessible.

Topic: Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country, – different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage

4. What is the Open Source Seeds movement? Evaluate the benefits and challenges of similar movements for Indian farmers in order to make plant breeding more accessible.

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The Open Source Seeds movement promotes the sharing of plant seeds without intellectual property restrictions.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about features of FTP 2023, its potential and limitations.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context about Open Source Seeds movement.

Body:

First, write about the features of Open Source Seeds movement and what is seeks to achieve – sharing of plant seeds without patents or intellectual property restrictions, make plant breeding more accessible and transparent, and to enhance crop diversity and climate resilience.

Next, write about the potential advantages of similar movements increased transparency, diversity, and accessibility in plant breeding, as well as reduced dependence on large seed companies, democratic control over the use and development of plant genetic resources etc.

Next, write about the shortcomings of the above – ack of financial incentives for private companies, potential exploitation of open source seeds, limited resources and infrastructure for managing and distributing open source seeds, difficulty in balancing open access with the need to protect intellectual property rights, and resistance from some sectors of the agricultural industry.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.