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Highlight the issues and concerns surrounding the UN’s decision to allow deep sea mining operations. Also, list down provisions of national and international conventions regulating deep sea mining.

Topic -Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

3. Highlight the issues and concerns surrounding the UN’s decision to allow deep sea mining operations. Also, list down provisions of national and international conventions regulating deep sea mining.  (250 words) 

Difficulty level: Medium

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

Recently, Japanese Prime Minister, Fumio Kishida visited India and unveiled “Japan’s New Plan for a Free and Open Indo-Pacific” (FOIP) and exchanged views about deepening the “Japan-India Special Strategic and Global Partnership”.

Key Demand of the question:

The question requires you to discuss the issues and concerns surrounding the United Nations’ decision to allow deep-sea mining operations. Additionally, you need to list the provisions of national and international conventions regulating deep-sea mining.

Directive word: Highlight – When the question asks you to “highlight,” it means you throw light on the issue. You need to provide a clear and concise overview of the issues.

List down – When the question asks you to “list down,” it means you need to provide a clear and concise list of provisions of national and international conventions regulating deep-sea mining.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: Provide a brief introduction to the concept of deep-sea mining and the context of the UN’s decision to allow it.

Body:

In the first part, discuss the issues and concerns surrounding the UN’s decision to allow deep-sea mining operations. This may include concerns over the potential environmental impact, biodiversity loss, disturbance of the deep-sea ecosystem, and the potential for negative impacts on fisheries and coastal communities.

In the second part, list down the provisions of national and international conventions regulating deep-sea mining. This may include the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), the International Seabed Authority (ISA) regulations, and national regulations for deep-sea mining operations.

Conclusion:

Provide a brief conclusion on the challenges and opportunities of deep-sea mining operations and the need for appropriate regulations to address the potential environmental and social impacts of these activities.