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Based on the concepts presented in Thiruvalluvar’s Thirukkural, discuss the ethical responsibilities of a leader in modern political systems. In what ways can these principles be used to promote ethical governance and ensure the well-being of the people in a modern state?

Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

6. Based on the concepts presented in Thiruvalluvar’s Thirukkural, discuss the ethical responsibilities of a leader in modern political systems. In what ways can these principles be used to promote ethical governance and ensure the well-being of the people in a modern state? (150 Words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Directive:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Key Demand of the question:  

To write about the ethical responsibilities of a leader as mentioned by Thiruvalluvar.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving context of Thiruvalluvar’s Thirukkural – various ethical values mentioned in it.

Body:

Explain in detail about Tiruvalluvar; his works and contributions in terms of philosophy, poems etc. He is best known for his famous work Thirukkuṛaḷ. This work consists of couplets on ethics, political and economical

Then give certain examples from his work
E.g Nation/State: “A Nation should have 5 key elements – Good health, Good economy, Harvest, Happiness and Strong defence – considering these a leader should act.

Next, explain in what ways these values will be helpful.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarizing.