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Institute of Eminence (IOE) status

GS Paper 2

 Syllabus: Issues Relating to the Development and Management of Social Sector/Services relating to Education, Human Resources

 

Source: IE

 Context: The Rajya Sabha Department-related Parliamentary Standing Committee on Education, Women, Children, Youth and Sports, has recommended

  • To accelerate the process for granting the Institute of Eminence (IOE) status.
  • To realign the IoE scheme with the National Education Policy, 2020.

 

The IoE Scheme:

About

  • The UB 2016-17 announced 10 public and 10 private HEIs are to be recognised to emerge as world-class institutions.
  • As a result, UGC launched the IoE scheme in 2017 to –
    • Provide for high-quality teaching and research → excellence, and innovations.
    • Engage in areas of specialisation.
    • Enable HEIs to emerge as top 100 institutions in the world over time (top 500 by 2027).

 

Benefits 

  • Greater autonomy:
    • Administrative and academic: Free to decide fee, flexible course duration and structure, exemption from approvals for collaborations with foreign institutions.
    • Financial: The selected public institutions will get Rs 1,000 crore each from the Ministry of Education.
  • However, no financial assistance to the private institutions.

 

Criteria for the selection/revocation of status

  • The institutions should be among the top 50 in the NIRF in their category, and top 500 in internationally recognised rankings.
  • Public institutes eligible to apply are central universities, govt-owned and controlled deemed to be universities, institutions of national importance (IITs, NITs), and state univs.

 

Procedure: Institutes need to submit a proposal → with milestones to be achieved over the next 5 to 15 years → To the Empowered Expert Committee (EEC constituted by UGC).

 

Revocation of the status: In case the institute fails to achieve scheme objectives at the end of the 5th and subsequent years, the EEC could penalise them.

  • Final action on revocation is to be taken by the Ministry of Education.

 

Analysis of the IoE scheme:

  • So far 12 – 8 public + 4 private institutes have been granted the IoE status.
  • So far 8 public institutes have been sanctioned Rs 3,428 crore, with IISc Bangalore accounting for the highest share (Rs 620.59 crore).
  • It has helped 8 public universities step up ambitious reforms and growth – riding on the financial boost each has got as part of the scheme.
  • However, many of the selected private campuses are yet to realise the promised benefits of the scheme.
  • The Government is dragging its feet on awarding the IoE status to 2 public and 5 private HEIs. The absence of an EEC is holding up the process.

 

Insta Links:

Institutions of Eminence (IoEs) to set up campuses abroad

 

Mains Links:

The quality of higher education in India requires major improvements to make it internationally competitive. Do you think that the entry of foreign educational institutions would help improve the quality of higher and technical education in the country? Discuss. (UPSC 2015)