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Examine the reasons for frequent political instability in Nepal. How can India deal with it whilst continuing cordial and prosperous relations with Nepal?

Topic: India and its neighborhood- relations.

3. Examine the reasons for frequent political instability in Nepal. How can India deal with it whilst continuing cordial and prosperous relations with Nepal? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

In a short span of time since being in power from December 25, 2022, Nepal Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal ‘Prachanda’, supremo of the Maoist Centre (MC), has had to face a vote of confidence twice — on January 10, 2023 and again on March 20. Though it would seem unusual, it is not an unexpected happening given the state of disarray contemporary Nepali politics is in after the general election in November 2022.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the reasons for instability in Nepal and measures India should take to deal with it

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the reasons for political instability in Nepal – historical legacy of weak political systems, ethnic and regional divisions, economic challenges, corruption, geopolitical factors, constitutional issues, and ineffective political leadership. Write about its impact.

Next, write about how India should deal with the frequent instability.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.