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What are the economic costs of air pollution in India? Discuss the policy measures and incentives that can be implemented to reduce the economic burden of air pollution.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

4. What are the economic costs of air pollution in India? Discuss the policy measures and incentives that can be implemented to reduce the economic burden of air pollution. (250 words) 

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the economic costs of air pollution in India and suggest policy measures and incentives to mitigate them.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by giving an overview of air pollution in India and its economic costs.

Body:

In brief, write about the economic costs of air pollution like healthcare costs, productivity loss, etc.

Next, write about the policy measures and incentives like the National Clean Air Programme (NCAP), Air Pollution Act, etc., and their effectiveness in reducing the economic burden of air pollution.

Next, Mention the role of technology and innovation in reducing the economic costs of air pollution. Provide examples of successful implementation of policy measures and incentives in other countries and how they can be replicated in India

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward