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What do you understand by Universal Health Coverage (UHC)? Evaluate the challenges in implementing the concept of UHC in India. How can these challenges be overcome?

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

3. What do you understand by Universal Health Coverage (UHC)? Evaluate the challenges in implementing the concept of UHC in India. How can these challenges be overcome? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The article discusses the concept of Universal Health Coverage (UHC) and the need for a newer, more comprehensive version of UHC that can address the challenges faced by healthcare systems in the 21st century.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about UHC, challenges in its implementation and steps that are needed to overcome them.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining Universal Health Coverage (UHC)

Body:

In the first part, write about the various components of UHC – access to health services, including preventive, curative, rehabilitative, and palliative care.

Next, write about challenges in the implementation of UHC – funding, human resources, infrastructure, and political will etc.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to overcome the above-mentioned challenges.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.