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The Industrial Revolution had some positive developments globally but for India it had severe negative consequences that contributed to India’s underdevelopment and economic challenges. Analyse.

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

1. The Industrial Revolution had some positive developments globally but for India it had severe negative consequences that contributed to India’s underdevelopment and economic challenges. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

As the Oxford Union celebrates its second centenary in 2023, a look at one of the most viral moments that the famous Oxford Union Debate has seen – Congress MP Shashi Tharoor’s scathing indictment of British colonialism in 2015.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the positive and negative impact of Industrial revolution as well as its impact on India.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start the answer by mentioning the manifold of major changes brought on Industrial revolution.

Body:

In the first part mention the positive impact of Industrial revolution – Growth of modern Industry, emergence of cities, new capitalistic class, improvement in lifestyle, technological innovations etc.

Next, mention the negative impact of IR – poor working conditions, poor living conditions, low wages, child labour, Luddite movement and pollution. 

Next, in detail, write about how IR in Britain impact the Indian colony.

Conclusion:

Summarise the overall impact of Industrial revolution.