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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 20 March 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

1. The Industrial Revolution had some positive developments globally but for India it had severe negative consequences that contributed to India’s underdevelopment and economic challenges. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

As the Oxford Union celebrates its second centenary in 2023, a look at one of the most viral moments that the famous Oxford Union Debate has seen – Congress MP Shashi Tharoor’s scathing indictment of British colonialism in 2015.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the positive and negative impact of Industrial revolution as well as its impact on India.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start the answer by mentioning the manifold of major changes brought on Industrial revolution.

Body:

In the first part mention the positive impact of Industrial revolution – Growth of modern Industry, emergence of cities, new capitalistic class, improvement in lifestyle, technological innovations etc.

Next, mention the negative impact of IR – poor working conditions, poor living conditions, low wages, child labour, Luddite movement and pollution. 

Next, in detail, write about how IR in Britain impact the Indian colony.

Conclusion:

Summarise the overall impact of Industrial revolution.

 

Topic: urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

2. Urbanisation and solid waste management are closely linked. Effective solid waste management is critical for maintaining public health and the environment in urban areas. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights On India

Why the question:

The March 2 fire at Brahmapuram was not the first at the waste processing plant — a euphemism for a sprawling 110-acre open dumping yard with a failed windrow composting facility and a yet-to-begin waste-to-energy plant. The yard has been witnessing fire outbreaks at almost the same time every year in the last few years. The Kochi Municipal Corporation, which runs the plant, initially provided a typically listless response. But this proved calamitous as the blaze raged on and a blanket of fetid smoke soon shrouded the city and nearby areas.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the need for Solid waste management and its importance.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining solid waste management.

Body:

First, write about the need for solid waste management in the country.

Next, write about the various issues in the solid waste management – funds crunch, low sectoral development & lack of know-how.

Next, write about the various measures to tackle it – Solid waste management rules, Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) 2.0 etc. Write their and successes and limitations.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

3. What do you understand by Universal Health Coverage (UHC)? Evaluate the challenges in implementing the concept of UHC in India. How can these challenges be overcome? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The article discusses the concept of Universal Health Coverage (UHC) and the need for a newer, more comprehensive version of UHC that can address the challenges faced by healthcare systems in the 21st century.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about UHC, challenges in its implementation and steps that are needed to overcome them.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining Universal Health Coverage (UHC)

Body:

In the first part, write about the various components of UHC – access to health services, including preventive, curative, rehabilitative, and palliative care.

Next, write about challenges in the implementation of UHC – funding, human resources, infrastructure, and political will etc.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to overcome the above-mentioned challenges.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

4. Defining stagflation, examine the vulnerability of India to it. Suggest measures that must be taken by the government to avoid it.

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

The latest global financial developments and recent economic data in India are together raising fears that several major economies worldwide, including India’s, may be headed for a spell of debilitating stagflation.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about stagflation, factors that lead to it and measures needed to avoid it.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining stagflation.

Body:

First, write about the factors that can lead stagflation in the economy and the impact of the stagflation.

Next, write about the measures that are needed to ensure India does not witness stagflation.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. The principles of ecology are the fundamental concepts and laws that govern the functioning of ecosystems. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the principle of ecology.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining ecology.

Body:

First, write in detail about the principles of ecology – interdependence, energy flow, nutrient cycling, biodiversity, succession, carrying capacity, and conservation.

Next, write about important of these principles – understanding the impacts of human activities on the environment and for developing conservation strategies.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6. Bio-accumulation, bio-concentration, and bio-magnification are three different processes that describe how contaminants can become concentrated in living organisms. Examine their impact. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 3 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To Differentiate between Bio-accumulation, Bio-concentration and Bio-magnification and their impact.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin defining Bio-accumulation, Bio-concentration and Bio-magnification.

Body:

First, explain the above three processes and give examples of the all the above-mentioned phenomenon in various terrestrial and aquatic systems.

Next, write about the impact of the above – Persistent Pollutants, Build-up in Fats, permanently damage various body systems, impact of animals and birds etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward on how to deal with the above.


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

7. Discuss the major aspects of Swami Vivekananda’s ethical philosophy with a special emphasis on the importance of cultivating compassion. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Key Demand of the question:  write about the nature of virtues – if they are innate or they can be learnt.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving context of Swami Vivekananda’s ethical philosophy.

Body:

First, explain the core aspects of his philosophy – interrelatedness of spiritual and social action, importance of self-realization, service to others, self-discipline, and detachment

Next, write about the importance of compassion as per Swami Vivekananda.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.


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