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What do you understand by net zero waste? Evaluate the challenges and opportunities in implementing sustainable practices in order to achieve net zero waste from housing societies and commercial complexes in urban areas.

Topic: urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

2. What do you understand by net zero waste? Evaluate the challenges and opportunities in implementing sustainable practices in order to achieve net zero waste from housing societies and commercial complexes in urban areas. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

All upcoming housing societies and commercial complexes in the country will soon mandatorily have to ensure net zero waste and have their liquid discharge treated, as part of the government’s push for reforming and modernising the sewage disposal system.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about net zero waste, challenges and opportunities in achieving it.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining net zero waste.

Body:

In the first part, write about the advantages of net zero waste – reducing pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, promoting resource efficiency and cost savings, enhancing public health and well-being, contributing to sustainable communities etc.

Next, write about the challenges in having net zero waste – including limited infrastructure and technology, limited public awareness and participation, high upfront costs, regulatory barriers, and a lack of collaboration among businesses, governments, and communities etc.

Next, write about the opportunity for India in being net zero waste.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.