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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 01 March 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. “While the Adopt a Heritage” scheme has the potential to promote the development and preservation of heritage sites, it is essential to ensure that the program’s implementation is closely monitored to prevent any negative impacts on the heritage sites. Critically examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

Under the purportedly overhauled ‘Adopt a Heritage’ scheme, businesses may use their Corporate Social Responsibility funds at select sites to construct and maintain ticket offices, restaurants, museums, interpretation centres, toilets, and walkways.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the successes and limitations of the ‘adopt a heritage’ scheme.

Directive word: 

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by giving aims and objectives of ‘adopt a heritage’ scheme.

Body:

First, write about the major features of ‘adopt a heritage’ scheme – heritage sites are made available for adoption by companies, institutions, and individuals for the purpose of developing amenities such as toilets, drinking water facilities, pathways, illumination, landscaping, and other tourist-friendly features.

Next, write about the advantages of the scheme in promoting public-private partnerships, which can lead to the development and preservation of heritage sites.  

Next, write about its limitations – commercialization of heritage sites, limit public access and participation, inadequate monitoring etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward. 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location-changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

2. While both El Niño and La Niña have similar origins in the tropical Pacific, their effects on global weather patterns can be quite different. Compare and contrast. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: The Hindu , Insights on India 

Why the question:

India is experiencing a colder winter than normal. This is due to the north-south winter flow set up by the weather phenomenon known as La Niña.

Key Demand of the question:

To differentiate between El-Nino and La-Nina, write its impact on global weather.

Directive word: 

Compare and contrast – provide for a detailed comparison of the two types, their features that are similar as well as different. One must provide for detailed assessment of the two.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by writing about the cyclical phenomenon El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO).

Body:

In the first part, bring out the difference between El-Nino and La-Nina on the basis of their occurrence, mechanism, frequency of occurrence, duration, conditions required to occur etc.

Next, in detail write about how the El-Nino and La-Nina impacts the global weather patterns and bring out its impact on India.

Conclusion:

Pass a judgement as to if better information via prediction model can lead to better mitigation of adverse effects.

 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

3. India has significant strategic interests in the Southeast Asian region due to its proximity and shared historical and cultural ties with the region. Discuss (250 words).

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the strategic interests of India in the south east Asia.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with India – South east Asia relation and how it has evolved over time into strategic relations.

Body:

Explain first that India’s connections with Southeast Asia are rooted in history in terms of geography, civilization, culture, economy and strategy. Strategic interest: Providing maritime passage, Connection with North East India, Import etc. These connections became deeper in the 1990s as India initiated the policy of ‘Look East’ that resulted in manifold growth with ASEAN and South-East Asia.

Next, throw light upon the recent policies of the government in this direction, major issues and steps that are needed to overcome those issues.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising the importance of south east Asian region for India.

 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

4. India’s relationship with Africa has been characterized by economic cooperation, cultural exchanges, and mutual support in multilateral forums. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about India’s priority with respect to Africa in its foreign policy and the major areas of cooperation.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

Briefly discuss the ties between India-Africa from the past to the present.

In the 21st century, Africa has transformed from a lost continent to a continent of hope. Subsequently, in recent years, Africa occupies a central place in the Indian government’s foreign and economic policy.

How in the current world of rising challenges, India and Africa can work towards addressing them.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. Capital flows and current account deficit (CAD) are related as capital flows can help finance a country’s current account deficit. However, excessive reliance on capital flows to finance a current account deficit can also be risky. Evaluate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

As per the RBI’s quarterly statistics, the current account deficit (CAD) widened to 4.4 per cent of GDP in the second quarter of 2022-23, down from 2.2 per cent in the preceding quarter.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the relations between CAD and capital inflows and risks associated with it.

Directive word:

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining CAD.

Body:

First, write about the various components of capital inflows – foreign direct investment (FDI) and portfolio investment.

Next, write about the relation between CAD and capital inflows – capital flows can help finance a country’s current account deficit as well as bringing in new investment and creating jobs in the country.

Next, mention the risks associated with capital flows – f investors lose confidence in the country’s economy, they may withdraw their investments, leading to a sudden outflow of capital and a currency crisis.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a balanced opinion


General Studies – 4


 

Topic : Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“In ethics, prudence is not enough; we need virtue.”  – Aristotle

Difficulty level: Tough

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about the difference between prudence and virtue – Prudence and virtue are two concepts that are closely related to ethics, but they have different meanings and implications. Write about the need of being virtuous in ethics. Cite major virtues and examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“It is wrong and immoral to seek to escape the consequences of one’s acts.”  – Mahatma Gandhi

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about the importance taking responsibility for one’s actions and importance of being accountable. Accountability is crucial in personal, professional, and social contexts. It refers to the obligation of individuals, organizations, and institutions to take responsibility for their actions, decisions, and outcomes. Cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.


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