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Trends in maternal mortality 2000 to 2020

GS Paper 1/2

 Syllabus: Issues related to women/ Issues Relating to Development and Management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health

 

Source: WHO

 Context: Every day in 2020, approximately 800 women died (a woman every two minutes) globally from preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth

 

Background:

  • Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 3 (target 3.1) is to reduce maternal mortality to less than 70 deaths per 100 000 live births by 2030.
  • The report has been published by the United Nations Maternal Mortality Estimation Inter-Agency Group (MMEIG) – comprising WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, the WB Group and the UNDESA/Population Division has collaborated on a new round of estimates (2000 to 2020).
  • The report presents global, regional and country-level estimates and trends for maternal mortality (between 2000-2020).

 

India

  • As per the Sample Registration System (SRS) report by the Registrar General of India (RGI), the Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) of India has reduced from 130 per 100,000 live births in 2014-16 to 113 per 100,000 live births in 2016-18.

 

Findings:

  • The global MMR in 2020 was estimated at 223 maternal deaths per 100 000 live births, down from 227 in 2015 and 339 in 2000 – a reduction of one-third (34.3%) over the full 20-year period.
  • Three countries had more than 10 000 maternal deaths in 2020:
    • India (24 000)
    • DR Congo (22 000)
    • Ethiopia (10 000)

 

 

Strategic framework for Ending Preventable Maternal Mortality (EPMM):

 

Insta Links:

Maternal death rate declining: report

 

Mains Links:

In order to enhance the prospects of social development, sound and adequate healthcare policies are needed particularly in the fields of geriatric and maternal healthcare. Discuss. (UPSC 2020)