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India is home to some of the world’s leading scientific institutions but faces several challenges in the field of science, including inadequate funding, limited infrastructure, and a shortage of skilled personnel. Critically examine.

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment

5. India is home to some of the world’s leading scientific institutions but faces several challenges in the field of science, including inadequate funding, limited infrastructure, and a shortage of skilled personnel. Critically examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

National Science Day is celebrated every year on February 28 in commemoration of the discovery of the ‘Raman Effect’ by the genius scientist Sir C.V. Raman. The theme for National Science Day, NSD 2023 is ‘Global Science for Global Wellbeing’.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about various successes and limitations for growth and development of science and technology in India and measures needed to promote scientific research.

Directive word: 

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the achievements of India in science since Independence – significant contributions to the fields of physics, chemistry, mathematics, biology, and engineering. India has a large and growing network of research institutions, universities, and laboratories, which are actively involved in cutting-edge research in various fields. Cite examples.

Next, write about the shortcomings and limitations to development of science in India.

Next, suggest reforms that must be taken in order to overcome the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.