Print Friendly, PDF & Email

The Foundational Literacy and Numeracy Report

GS Paper 2

 Syllabus: Issues Relating to Development and Management of Social Sector/Services relating to Education


Source: PIB

 Context: The 2nd edition of the Foundational Literacy and Numeracy (FLN) report was released by Dr Bibek Debroy, Chairman EAC-PM.



  • It is the ability of a child (between the ages of 3 and 8 years old) to read basic texts and do basic mathematical problems such as addition and subtraction.
  • It is one of the main elements of the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020.


About the FLN report:

  • It is a benchmark for states and UTs to track their performance in achieving universal foundational learning by 2026-27.
  • Its findings cover the role of nutrition, access to digital technology and language-focused instructional approach.


It captures:

  • The role of language in education and highlights distinct challenges faced in a multilingual environment.
  • The fundamental concepts children require to become skilled readers.
  • Improving the learning outcomes using appropriate assessments and medium of instruction.



  • Need to integrate the medium of instruction and teaching in languages familiar to children.
  • Undertake various assessments pertaining to the –
    • Linguistic system (includes phonology, vocabulary/lexicon, and syntax),
    • Orthographic system (includes symbols and mapping principles), and
    • Writing mechanisms
  • Need for data monitoring along with clearly defined outcome-based indicators on pedagogical framework and education in India.


Initiatives to promote FLN:

  • DIKSHA or Digital Infrastructure for Knowledge Sharing: Launched in 2017, it is a national platform of the NCERT, where teachers can find interactive and engaging teaching material to make their classes interesting.
  • NIPUN Bharat Mission: Launched in 2021 for ensuring that every child in the country necessarily attains foundational literacy by the end of the third grade by the year 2026-27.
  • NISHTHA: A new training program (in FLN) for the teachers, as well as the heads of the school launched by the NCERT.
  • The National Curriculum Framework for Foundational Skills 2022: To meet a key focus area of the NEP 2020, to improve the foundational skills of students.
    • Under this, ‘jadui pitara’ – learning and teaching material for the foundational stage of schooling, has been launched recently.


Best practice: Haryana Government Initiative – Saksham Haryana


Conclusion: FLN is linked to the health and economic growth of a nation. So, developing curriculum, phonological awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension, is the need of the hour.


Insta Links:

Where no child is left behind