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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 20 February 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

1. Caste discrimination has a long and complex history, with roots in the country’s traditional social hierarchy. Addressing this issue requires a multi-pronged approach that involves educating people, enforcing laws that prohibit caste discrimination, and creating opportunities for people from lower castes to improve their economic and social status. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

Last month, in Seattle, co-author Kshama Sawant, a socialist Council member, introduced the first US legislation to ban caste discrimination alongside a united movement of Dalits, dominant-caste Hindus, Sikhs, Muslims, socialists, and union members. The City Council is scheduled to vote on February 21. If passed, the law will prohibit caste discrimination in employment and housing, retail, public accommodation, and transportation.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the ill effects of caste discrimination, reasons for its prevalence and ways to overcome it.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by giving background about the caste discrimination in modern India.

Body:

First, write about the reasons for the prevalence of caste discrimination in India and factors behind it.

Next, mention the impact of caste discrimination and how it is affecting contemporary society. Substantiate with facts and examples.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to overcome the above issues and empower weaker sections.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

2.  Green spaces in urban areas play an important role in creating sustainable and liveable communities, and are essential for promoting the health and well-being of both humans and the environment. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

Over the past two years, Hyderabad, which has emerged as a powerhouse of infrastructure growth in Telangana, has won multiple awards for being a green city with an improving forest cover. Speaking on the floor of the Assembly last Monday while presenting the annual Budget, Finance Minister T. Harish Rao listed these awards and achievements.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about green spaces in urban areas and the benefits associated with them.

Directive word:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by explaining the concept of green spaces.

Body:

In the first part, write about the ecological benefits of green spaces – Green spaces provide a number of environmental benefits, such as reducing the urban heat island effect, improving air quality, and mitigating the impacts of climate change.

Next, write about the social benefits of green spaces – recreation, exercise, and relaxation, and can help to improve mental health and reduce stress levels.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.


General Studies – 2


 

Topic:Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.

3. What is the rationale behind delimitation of electoral constituencies? Explain the functions of delimitation commission. What are the issues associated with delimitation exercise? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Insights on IndiaInsights on India 

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about delimitation, functions of delimitation commission and problems associated with it.

Directive word:

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining delimitation under Article 82.

Body:

In the first part, write about rationale behind the delimitation – follow the principle of “One Vote One Value”, equality, Fair division of geographical areas etc.

Next, write in detail about the functions of delimitation commission.

Next, write about the various issues associated with delimitation and ways that it can be addressed.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies.

4. The Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) is considered one of the most important institutions in the Indian government and plays a crucial role in promoting good governance and ensuring the proper utilization of public resources. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 2 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the powers, functions and responsibilities of Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) in India.

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by stating that the Constitution of India provides for an independent office of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG) and relevant articles mentioned in the constitution.

Body:

In the first part, write about the major functions of CAG – responsible for auditing and accounting of all receipts and expenditures of the Government of India and the state governments.

Next, write about its audit functions – performance audits, compliance audits, and financial reviews of various government programs and initiatives.

Next, write about its reports to uphold transparency and accountability – reports prepared by the CAG are presented in the Parliament, and the findings are discussed and debated by the Members of Parliament.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.


General Studies – 3


 

Topic:  Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, Nano-technology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

5. What are the objectives of Chandrayaan-3 mission? How is the third lunar mission of ISRO different from Chandrayaan-2? (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hinduen.wikipedia.org

Why the question:

The Chandrayaan-3 lander has successfully completed the crucial EMI-EMC (Electro – Magnetic Interference/ Electro – Magnetic Compatibility) test at the U.R. Rao Satellite Centre in Bengaluru.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the objectives of Chandrayaan-3 and its differences with of Chandrayaan-2

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the major objectives of Chandrayaan-3 – conduct scientific studies of the Moon’s surface and sub-surface using a lander and rover. The mission will also aim to study the lunar atmosphere and determine the presence of water and other minerals on the Moon etc.

Next, write about the how the differences between Chandrayaan-3 and Chandrayaan-2.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing about the importance of space missions to moon.

 

Topic:Security challenges and their management in border areas – linkages of organized crime with terrorism.

6. What is Solar Radiation Management (SRM)? While SRM techniques have the potential to reduce global warming, they also carry significant risks and uncertainties. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

A sufficiently powerful volcanic eruption can spew sulphates and other aerosols into the stratosphere, cooling the air there. This fact has motivated human efforts to artificially spray aerosols into the stratosphere to slow global-warming, with occasional support from the U.S. government, among others. The U.S. government is currently officially supporting research on solar radiation management (SRM).

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the SRM, its potential to reduce global warming and risks associated with it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by defining SRM.

Body:

First, in brief, explain the concept of SRM and various techniques aimed at do so – stratospheric aerosol injection, Marine cloud brightening, Surface albedo modification.

Next, write about the role SRM techniques can play in preventing global warming.

Next, write about concerns and risks associated with SRM techniques – could disrupt weather patterns or cause unintended consequences for ecosystems.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a balanced opinion on the above.


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.

7.Do you agree with Rousseau’s view that society and its institutions were responsible for corrupting individuals and that social inequality was the result of a flawed system of government?  (150 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about Rousseau’s view on corruption and social inequality.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by explaining Rousseau’s views

Body:

First, explain in detail, the impact of society on corrupting individuals. Evaluate to what extent this holds true and cite examples to substantiate.

Next, write to causes for inequality in the society and role play by the government in creation and sustaining inequalities. Evaluate to what extent this holds true and cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a balanced opinion on the above issue.

Conclude by giving a balanced opinion on sting operations.


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