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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 16 February 2023

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1. India has always had a very strong theatre and storytelling tradition making it an important part of our heritage but due to the onslaught of digital entertainment, theatre faces an existential crisis. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Indian Express Insights on India

Why the question:

Theatre is also about the audiences. And the magic of an actor performing live before an audience can only be experienced. There is that little invisible thread that is thrown by the actors from the stage into the audience, which binds people coming from different worlds into some kind of collective experience.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about rich heritage of Indian theatre and impact of digital entertainment on it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of Indian theatre since ancient times,

Body:

First, write about the development of theatre right throughout ancient, medieval and modern India. Write about the importance of Indian theatre. Cite examples to substantiate.

Next, write about to the impact of digital entertainment on theatre and how it now faces an existential crisis today.

Next, write about the ways to promote traditional India theatre and generate bigger audiences.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

2. Examine the challenges that were faced by newly independent India in the integration of the princely state of Hyderabad into the Indian Union. How were they overcome? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The Nizams ruled one of the largest kingdoms in India that spread over some 82,000 square miles or as big as Iceland and Cuba put together between 1724 and 1948. The palace intrigues and killings for succession have been carefully edited out of history. But a new succession battle when there is no kingdom has intrigued people.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the challenges in the integration of Hyderabad and how they were overcome.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of India at independence.

Body:

First, write about the various challenges in the integration of the princely state of Hyderabad – Nizam’s desire to remain independent, communal clashes, Razakar attacks, lack of administrative structures etc.

In the next part, write about the various steps that were taken in this regard to integrate Hyderabad with India.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government;

3. Distinguish between judicial activism and judicial over-reach. Throw light on the contributions of judicial activism in upholding rights of the citizens and ensuring welfare orientation to the state. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on IndiaInsights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about to difference between judicial activism and judicial over-reach and the contributions of judicial activism.

Directive word: 

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by defining judicial activism and judicial over-reach.

Body:

First, in detail, bring out the differences between judicial activism and judicial over-reach.

Next, write about the role of activism of courts to protect and preserve the rights of citizens, and not merely criticize the government. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising the importance of the above.

 

Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government;

4. Our constitutional makers longed for an independent judiciary, which is uninfluenced by executive. However, the desire of a post-retirement job influences pre-retirement judgments. Critically analyse. (250 words).

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the pros and cons of taking up post-retirement by judges of higher judiciary and its impact and ways to safeguard the independence of judiciary.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning the importance of independence of judiciary.

Body:

In the first part, write about the practise of accepting post-retirement jobs by the judges of higher judiciary. Write about the pros and cons of it. Write about the impact of it on independence of judiciary.

Next, write about the ways how the independence of judiciary can be safeguarded from the lure of post-retirement jobs.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.

5. In modern economies, exports play a crucial role in driving a nation’s growth as they provide individuals and businesses with access to numerous markets for their products. This makes exports extremely valuable. However, Indian exports are declining and thereby increasing the trade deficit. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint Insights on India

Why the question:

India’s goods exports dipped 6.6% from a year earlier to $32.91 billion in January, according to government data released on Wednesday. This is the third decline in four months. Imports also fell last month by 3.6% year-on-year to $50.66 billion.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the reasons for declining India’s exports and suggest measures to improve it amidst uncertainty.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin the answer by giving context to India’s export performance.

Body:

First, write about the reasons for the declining trends in Indian exports.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to overcome the above slump– emphasising on export competitiveness, focus on small and labour-intensive firms and removing supply chain bottlenecks etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

6. Explain the concept of Anti-microbial resistance (AMR). What are the causes for AMR? Critically evaluate various health interventions initiated to tackle growing AMR? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu , Insights on India

Why the question:

While the world is emerging from the acute phase of the COVID-19 pandemic, the very harmful but invisible pandemic of Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) is unfortunately here to stay. Most countries understood in 2020 the clear and present danger of COVID-19, forcing governments, including India’s, to respond with speed and accuracy. The rapidly rising AMR rates also need an accelerated, multi-sectoral, global and national response.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about concerns surrounding AMR, its causes, examine measures to deal with it.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Define AMR and its causes.

Body:

First, write about the why there is global cause of concern – Superbug, Multi drug resistance to bacterium and viruses, Increased cost of treatment, prolonged hospitalisation, increased mortality and less effective inoculation.

Next, write about the various initiatives to tackle AMR – Global Action Plan on AMR, World Anti-microbial awareness week, Delhi Declaration on AMR, National Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance etc. Evaluate its efficacy.

Next, write about the need of an accelerated, multi-sectoral, global and national response to tackle AMR.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information

7. One of the most effective methods for detecting and preventing corruption and malpractices is through the act of whistleblowing. Is whistleblowing by civil servants ethically justified?

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Abstract Thursdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key demand of the question:

To write about the role whistle blowing ain prevention of corruption.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Explain what is whistle blowing.

Body:

Explain What are the moral and ethical justification of whistleblowing – whistleblowing is morally required when it is required at all; people have a moral obligation to prevent serious harm to others if they can do so with little costs to themselves. Give examples to justify your points.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stressing on the need of whistle-blower protection


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