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Cities are the growth engine of national wealth and income production; however, the existence of slums in the urban units is a challenging issue in urban planning which has major social-economic ramifications. Analyse.

Topic: urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

3. Cities are the growth engine of national wealth and income production; however, the existence of slums in the urban units is a challenging issue in urban planning which has major social-economic ramifications. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the issues regarding the development of slums in India.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In brief, give a scenario of Urbanisation in India. Mention fact and figures with respect to level of Urbanisation in India. 

Body:

In the first part, write about why Slums are considered to a necessary evil – Cheap accommodation, Migrants agglomeration, Lack of housing, communitarian interests etc.

Next, mention the social consequences of living in slums – Crime, Poor living conditions, diseases, lack of basic amenities. Mention how the plight of slum dwellers worsened during the pandemic.

Mention steps to improve the living conditions in the slums at policy as well as implementation level.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.