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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 10 August 2022

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India).

1. Examine the non-geographical factors that determine location and presence of industries and industrial corridors in India. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the non-geographical factors in the location of industries.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by giving context that Industrial locations are complex in nature and are influenced by the availability of many factors.

Body:

First, write about the non-geographical factors in detail – Capital investment, Availability of loans, Investment climate, Government policies/regulations, Influence of pressure groups etc.  Cite relevant examples from India to justify the answer.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent);

2. Rare earth elements (REEs) are non-renewable resources. The demand for REEs increases daily as demand increases for technology. Discuss their importance. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of REEs.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining Rare earth elements (REEs) and why are they called rare.

Body:

Write significance of Rare Earth Elements (REE. Discuss its utility in terms of – defense, strategy environment etc. Global Uses and Production of Rare Earth Elements. Cite examples.

Next, write about the difficulties in extracting REE and recycling them.

Conclusion:

Conclude by Summarising.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary—Ministries and Departments of the Government

3. What do you understand by ‘trial by media’? Critically examine its implications on the justice system of the country. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

Recently, the Chief Justice of India objected to the lack of media accountability in the media’s coverage of legal issues.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about trial by media’ and its implications on justice.

Directive word: 

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining ‘trial by media’ and explaining it.

Body:

First, write about the importance of media to promote transparency and accountability in the country.

Next, write about the various negative implications of trial by media – subverting rule of law, negative perception, sensualisation, undermining the maxim of innocent until proven guilty etc.

Next, write about the measures that can be take against trial by media.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

4. Highlighting the contributions of Indian technology industry, discuss the role played by India as an innovation powerhouse of the world. What are limiting factors to innovation in India? Suggest measures to overcome it.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The Indian technology industry today has a presence in over 100 countries and draws on employees of over 150 nationalities. As per the Global Innovation Index 2021 ranking, India is the top innovative country in central and south Asia and holds the record for over-performing on innovation relative to its level of development for the 11th year in a row.

Key Demand of the question: 

To write about the Indian innovation scenario especially with regard to tech sector, limitations to Indian innovation and measures needed.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context.

Body:

First, write about the factors that have contributed to spread of innovation and achievements of India in it. Highlight the special achievements of Indian technology industry in this.

Next, write about the factors which limit the growth of innovation in the country.

Next, write about measures that can be taken in order to further boost spread of innovation in the country.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

5. Indian Armed Forces require not just restructuring to theatre concept and greater integration but a common understanding on the need for cutting-edge technology. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate.

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The number of seminars, webinars and knowledge programmes on the theme ‘Securing India at 75’ have led to a latent interest in national security as a theme for further study.

 Key Demand of the question: 

To write about the reforms needed in the armed forces of India.

Directive word:

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning the importance of armed forces in safeguarding India’s sovereignty.

Body:

First, write about the various threats to India’s security and sovereignty in present day.

Next, write about the reforms that are needed in the armed forces to enable them that are able to withstand any challenges – integrate command, theatre concept, investment in technology, atmanirbhar in defence etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic : Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“No man ever steps in the same river twice, for it’s not the same river and he’s not the same man.” ― Heraclitus

Difficulty level: Tough

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about the how change is the only constant in life and its part and parcel of life. Write as to how values, beliefs, ethics all keep changing over a period of time and so do human beings understanding of it. Cite examples to substantiate.

Next, write about how certain values and ethics are universal and eternal.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.

 

Topic : Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

​“The wealth required by nature is limited and is easy to procure; but the wealth required by vain ideals extends to infinity.” ― Epicurus

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about the need to understand what is needed and what is excessive and fuelled by greed. Write about the vain ideals like greed, power etc and quest for unlimited wealth and its implication.

Next, write about how contentment and possessing what is required is a good way of life. Cite examples to substantiate.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.


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