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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 03 August 2022

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent);

1. Discuss the importance of marine resources in the Indian ocean for economic growth, improved livelihood and jobs, and ocean ecosystem health. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the resource richness of the Indian ocean and its economic implications.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving brief of Indian ocean and its vast ocean resources.

Body:

First, draw a neat diagram showing major resources. Write in detail the economic implications of the resources mentioned in the introduction.

Next, write about the importance of marine resources – Fishing, Marine Biotechnology, Minerals, Tourism & Leisure and Education and research etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising and ways to sustainably harness the above.

 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

2. What is a tsunami? Explain its mechanism and the various factors that lead to these giant waves. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the mechanism of Tsunami and various causative factors behind it.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining a Tsunami.

Body:

First, explain the mechanism a Tsunami with a small neat diagram.

Next, write about the various causes of Tsunami e.g. Earthquake, Rock fall, etc. Mention the characteristics of its waves, why it becomes so destructive near the shore. Write about three factors of destructions – Inundation, Wave Impact and Erosion. Also, give examples of few recent Tsunami including 2004 Indian Ocean.

Conclusion:

Conclude by Summarising.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential;

3. Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) can lead to sustained outcomes that drive value and fuel growth, whilst strengthening our environment and societies. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

A strong Environment, Social and Governance (ESG) proposition has the potential to create long-term employment.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about ESG, its benefits and how to adopt it.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining ESG

Body:

First, write about the various features of ESG and the benefits associated with it.

Next, write about the readiness of India to adopt ESG – mention areas which it can and mention areas which it cannot. Also mention how India can adopt ESG and still achieve its developmental objectives.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

4. Throw light on the Indian interests in the Antarctic region. Analyse the role that Indian Antarctic Bill, 2022 can play in to protecting the Antarctic environment and regulate activities in the region. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The Rajya Sabha on Monday passed the Indian Antarctic Bill 2022 amid sloganeering by the opposition MPs which forced the adjournment of the House.

Key Demand of the question: 

To write about the Indian interests in Antarctic region and how the Indian Antarctic Bill, 2022 seeks to safeguard it.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning the importance of Antarctic region.

Body:

First, the reasons why the Antarctic region is important for India – economic, geopolitical and research etc. Trace the history of India’s involvement in Antarctic.

Next, write about the aims and objectives of Indian Antarctic Bill 2022 and its major features.

Next, write about its potential positives and shortcomings in protecting Antarctic and Indian interests.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. Apart from being a critical driver of economic growth, foreign direct investment (FDI) is a major source of non-debt financial resource for the economic development of India. Examine its importance to the Indian economy. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate.

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

For nearly a decade, year after year, India has hit record heights of foreign direct investment (FDI) inflow. The latest is the highest ever, $83.5 billion, in the last financial year.

 Key Demand of the question: 

To write about the role played by FDI in the Indian economy.

Directive word:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining Foreign Direct Investment (FDI).

Body:

Write the various aspects of FDI in emerging economies – First, international flows of capital, diversification of lending and investment, global integration of capital markets, allows the transfer of technology and can also promote competition in the domestic input market etc. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

6. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

“Yesterday I was clever, so I wanted to change the world. Today I am wise, so I am changing myself.” ― Rumi

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about the various difficulties in changing the world and how it is better to change oneself and hope that radiates as a change in the world as well. Substantiate with examples.

Next, write about the how it is not sufficient to change oneself and we must strive to change the world.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.

 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators;

7. What does this quote means to you? (150 words)

​“Most powerful is he who has himself in his own power.” ― Seneca

Difficulty level: Tough

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Quotes Wednesdays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the literal meaning of the quote.

Body:

Write about the importance of power and how many people can succumb and get corrupted once the have various powers. Substantiate with examples.

Next, write about how a person who can control himself can be considered a powerful man and the various ways to do so.

Conclusion:

Summarise by highlighting the importance of the quote in the present day.


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