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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 02 August 2022

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

1. Explain the mechanism behind the formation of tides. With a special emphasis on marine ecosystem, explain the importance of tides. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining a tide.

Body:

First, explain the various factors which are gravitational forces exerted by the sun, the moon and the rotation of the earth. Explain why gravitational pull of moon has a predominant effect

In the next part, write about the importance of tide for marine ecosystem, navigation, fishing, power generation etc.

Conclusion:

Mention about general importance of tides.

 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

2. What are the factors that determine the salinity of the ocean? How does salinity differ across the width and depth of the ocean? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about to factors which determine the salinity of the oceans and horizontal, vertical regional distributions of Salinity.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Explain what is ocean salinity.

Body:

First, write about the various factors that determine the salinity of the oceans – Evaporation, Freshwater flow influx, temperature, density, Ocean Currents, Precipitation, Atmospheric pressure and Wind direction. Give examples from across the world.

Next, write about the horizontal distributions of Salinity – salinity decreases from equator towards the poles, highest salinity is observed between 20° N and 40° N etc and the reasons for it.

Next, write about vertical distributions of Salinity – increases with increasing depth, draw a small diagram to show the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising the above.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies

3. Discuss the role of the Enforcement Directorate (ED) in enforcing economic laws and fighting economic crime in India. Why is the Enforcement Directorate increasingly being seen as a political weapon? (250 words).

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Expressbusiness-standard.com

Why the question:

ED’s rising prominence points to a shift that the Central agencies have grown more powerful, state and city police are pale shadows of themselves

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the function of ED and why it is seen a political weapon.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by stating the aims and objectives of ED and its mandate.

Body:

In the first part, write about the functions of ED in fighting economic crimes. Substantiate with facts and examples.

Next, write about reasons as to why ED is being seen a political weapon against political rival to settle scores. Mention the impact of the same.

Next, write about the measures that are needed to make it neutral and accountable.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

4. Education in the mother tongue is a key factor for inclusion and quality learning, and it also improves learning outcomes and academic performance. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The call by Home Minister Amit Shah last week for engineering, law and medicine to be taught in Indian languages is a well-intentioned one. His stand is in sync with one of the focal points of the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020, i.e., the promotion of Indian languages in higher education.

Key Demand of the question:

To explain in detail how multi-lingual approach especially Mother tongue is critically important for cognitive, psychological and personality development, education and learning.

Structure of the answer:

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start with importance of language in general.

Body:

Discuss the significance of mother tongue in personality development. Present the issues due to lack of emphasis on mother tongue such as – Difficult learning: Incomplete first language skills often make learning other languages more difficult. Cognitive conflict: when a child finds a discrepancy between what he thinks the world should be and what he finds it as, emanating from forced situation of learning in a second language etc. Mention about NEP 2020 stand in this regard.

Next, write about the limitations of multi-lingual approach – lack of proficiency in English, opportunity costs, competition etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment

5. Examine the various ways in which India could take advantage of global geopolitical developments to promote trade and gain better status for the rupee vis-à-vis global currencies. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The HinduIndian Express

Why the question:

Over the last several days, one has come across headlines about the rupee weakening. For the unaware, these headlines would convince them about the decline in the value of the rupee even as the rupee has strengthened against the Euro, UK Pound and Japan’s Yen.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the ways India can improve the status of rupee over global currencies.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of global volatility in the currencies.

Body:

In the first part, write about the various geopolitical developments that have contributed to this volatility.

Next, write about the potential advantages that India can harness to improve the status of rupee globally. Write about the steps that are needed in this regard and its advantages.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Investment models.

6. Public private partnership (PPP) model in healthcare system will pool in the expertise and finances of the private sector with the access and subsidies of the public sector. Is PPP in healthcare the panacea for India’s healthcare woes? Critically analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Live MintInsights on India

Why the question:

The covid pandemic has reminded us of the private sector’s disruptive potential for serving public health goals. However, in the past, central and state governments have strived to engage with the private sector in different disease areas. There are also several examples in maternal health; the Chiranjeevi Yojana programme in Gujarat, for instance, which was envisioned to increase institutional deliveries by working with private providers, reduced maternal mortality rates by more than half.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the benefits that a PPP model in health can offer for improving health outcomes in the country.

Directive word: 

Critically analyze – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a balanced judgment on the topic.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of growth of PPP model for health.

Body:

In the first part, write about the features and working of the PPP model in health. Cite examples to substantiate.

Next, write about the potential advantages that the PPP model can offer in this regard.

Next, write about the shortcomings of the above model in health and hindrances towards adopting it.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward to make the best use of PPP model.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Citizen’s Charters,

7. Citizen charters would benefit from a more strategic or systematic preparation that incorporates the views and expertise of a wide range of stakeholders before being introduced and for the initiative to become an integral part of the approach to standards of service thereafter. Analyse. (150 Words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications.

Key Demand of the question:

trace the link between non-partisanship in public administration and equality amongst citizens.

Directive:

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by defining a citizen charter.

Body:

First, write about the various issues in the functioning of citizen charters

Next, write about the importance of consultation with various stakeholders and improving standards of services to solve various issues with citizen charters.

Conclusion:

Complete the answer by suggesting ways for effective utilisation of charters.


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