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Explain the mechanism behind the formation of tides. With a special emphasis on marine ecosystem, explain the importance of tides.

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

1. Explain the mechanism behind the formation of tides. With a special emphasis on marine ecosystem, explain the importance of tides. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining a tide.

Body:

First, explain the various factors which are gravitational forces exerted by the sun, the moon and the rotation of the earth. Explain why gravitational pull of moon has a predominant effect

In the next part, write about the importance of tide for marine ecosystem, navigation, fishing, power generation etc.

Conclusion:

Mention about general importance of tides.