Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 01 August 2022

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

 

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

MISSION – 2023: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

Join IPM 4.0 to get an assured review of 2 secure answers everyday

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

1. The continental shelf contains valuable minerals and marine organisms which makes it suitable for exploration and commercial exploitation. Discuss. Also, trace the bottom reliefs feature of the Indian ocean. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the resources present in continental shelves and reasons for it as well as to trace the bottom relief of India ocean.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by briefly mentioning about relief of the ocean floor and its divisions. 

Body:

First, mention certain figures/stats regarding the economic resources of continental shelves with examples.

Next, discuss in detail the reasons for high productivity of the continental shelves like high nutrient loads, vertical stability and shallowness etc. 

Next, trace the bottom relief features of India ocean.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising the overall economic importance of continental shelves. 

 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

2. Explain the various factors that are responsible for varying vertical and latitudinal distribution of temperature of the oceans. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the vertical and latitudinal distribution of temperature in ocean waters along with factors responsible for such a distribution.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by mentioning that temperature varies across the oceans of the world.

Body:

Write about the factors responsible – The study of temperature of the oceans is important for studying the movement of large volumes of water, distribution of marine organisms, other properties such as salinity. This distribution pattern of temperature of ocean water can be studied through two ways – vertical and latitudinal distribution.

Enumerate the factors responsible for the above distribution. Use appropriate examples wherever necessary

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Parliament and State legislatures—structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these

3. The parliamentary discussions and debate are important for political representation because it creates a link between people and their representatives and to discuss government policy, proposed new laws and current issues. Evaluate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduIndian Express

Why the question:

The refrain that standards of parliamentary functioning have taken a beating in recent years is not without merit. In terms of the time spent on deliberating legislation, the conduct of fruitful debates both in tone and tenor, and in the quality of discussion, the reliance and participation of expert opinion through the agency of standing and parliamentary committees besides other factors, parliamentary sessions have been found to be wanting.

Key Demand of the question:

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about the importance of parliamentary debates and discussion to our democracy.

Body:

Further elaborate how these debates and deliberations are enriching for our democracy. Cite examples to substantiate your points.

Next, evaluate the legislative process with respect of debates and discussions. Mention hasty passage of bills, frequent litigations, lack of expertise, bypassing Rajya Sabha, lack of referral to parliamentary committees etc.

Mention the measures that are needed to remedy this situation.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

4. Analyse the importance of the International North South Transport Corridor (INSTC) for India’s geopolitics and geoeconomics. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

Last week, RailFreight.Com reported that two 40-ft containers of wood laminate sheets crossed the Caspian Sea from Russia’s Astrakhan port, entered Iran’s Anzali port, continued their southward journey towards the Arabian Sea, entered the waters at Bandar Abbas and eventually reach Nhava Shiva port in Mumbai.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of INSTC for India.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of International North South Transport Corridor (INSTC)

Body:

In the first part, briefly write about INSTC and India’s role so far, its aims and objectives.

Next, write about the geopolitical importance of INSTC for India.

Next, write about the geoeconomically importance of INSTC for India.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Major crops-cropping patterns in various parts of the country

5. Millets have enormous potential to form a core component in climate smart agriculture whilst offering nutritional and food security benefits. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Times of India , Insights on India

Why the question:

Taking lead in celebrating 2023 as ‘International Year of Millets’, India has planned to hold several programmes within the country and abroad to popularize millets. The government’s programmes will revolve around ‘seven sutras’ ( seven themes) including measures on how to promote these climate-resilient and less water consuming coarse cereals as a tool of sustainable agriculture.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about plethora of benefits offered by Millet production with respect to tackling climate change and food security.

Directive word:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning giving context that the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution declaring 2023 as the International Year of Millets.

Body:

Mention about the low demand of water and soil fertility needs to cultivate millets and millets as a nutritional package with whole lot of vitamins, minerals, essential fatty acids etc. Also mention that millets also offer a significant cost advantage over maize as a feedstock for bio-ethanol production. Bring in the aspect of food security and ecological benefits.

Conclusion:

Conclude by saying millets are the way forward in the food consumption area as it addresses the twin challenge of both nutritional security as well as climate change.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment

6. Examine the factors that leads to Invasive alien species thriving in non-native areas. What measures are needed to contain their spread? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Down to Earth

Why the question:

A recent study published in Nature ISME Journal indicates that the plant species considered as invasive in non-native regions, use characteristics to survive and flourish that are different from the ones in their native regions.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the factors aiding invasive alien species and ways to tackle their spread.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by explaining the term invasive alien species.

Body:

First, write about the factors that ensure that to Invasive alien species survive in non-native areas.

Next, Explain the various threats posed by them. Provide examples and present the scenario of harm posed by invasive species in India – threaten cultivable land and wildlife habitats alike, may lead to the conversion of marshy wetlands into dry land. E.g.: water hyacinth, spread into the forests through the corridors created by landslides, affect the soil and destroy the microhabitat of that area

Next, write about the steps that are needed to tackle their spread.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: moral and political attitudes.

7. Explain the concept of public morality with examples. What are various factors affecting it? (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2022 Secure.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a simple elaboration on the concept of public morality.

Body:

Write about aspects such as what is accepted within the realms of public morality, is it static and indestructible by quoting few examples. Influence of public morality on legislations and the changes with time such as legalisation of same-sex marriage etc.

Next, write about the various factors affecting public morality.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that society evolves with time and thus the public morality also takes its shape, however certain historically sustainable values must be preserved as well.


Join our Official Telegram Channel HERE for Motivation and Fast Updates

Subscribe to our YouTube Channel HERE to watch Motivational and New

Join our Twitter Channel HERE 

Follow our Instagram Channel HERE