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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 29 July 2022

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

1. Distinguish between a cyclone and an anti-cyclone. How is climate change impacting tropical cyclones globally? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about differences between cyclone and an anti-cyclone, the impact of climate change on cyclones.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining cyclones and anti-cyclones.

Body:

First, write the differences between the both on nature, direction, pressure and various other parameters.

Next, explain as to how climate change is impacting tropic cyclones and substantiate with facts and examples. Mention methods to mitigate and cope with it.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography.

2. Discuss the factors affecting and the major features of tropical rainforest climate. Write a short note on its vegetation. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference:  Insights on India

Why the question:

  The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write causes and features of tropical rainforest climate and the nature of its vegetation.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving a brief about tropical rainforest climate

Body:

First, write the about the various factors that contribute to the development of tropical rainforest climate.

Next, write in detail the unique features of tropical rainforest climate.

Next, write about the nature of vegetation in tropical rainforest climate and its economic and ecological importance.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

3. India’s relationship with ASEAN is a key pillar of our foreign policy and the foundation of our Act East Policy. Analyse the role that north eastern states can play in strengthening ties with ASEAN. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Print

Why the question:

Assam Chief Minister Himanta Biswa Sarma on Thursday said the North-eastern region can play a pivotal role in strengthening India’s ties with several regional groupings of South Asia as a springboard to facilitate bilateral trades with those countries.

Key Demand of the question:

To understand the role of strategic partnership with ASEAN and role north eastern states can play in strengthening ties with ASEAN.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning the historic engagement of India-ASEAN relationship.

Body:

Bring out the importance of geographical proximity of the ASEAN countries and its strategic, security and economic implications to India. Also mention about the sociocultural dynamics, mobilisation of group level funds and promotion of domestic infrastructure projects based on few examples.

Next, write about the role that north eastern state can play in strengthening ties with ASEAN. Substantiate with facts and examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Investment models.

4. The PPP model can be an effective and sustainable option to strengthen the nation’s infrastructure. Examine the role the PPP model can play in bringing India closer to the goal of five trillion-dollar economy.  (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Live Mint

Why the question:

Given that the global pandemic strained public resources, public-private partnerships (PPPs) can be an effective tool to optimise private sector expertise and efficiency, raise private capital leveraging scarce public funds, and build back better by offering quality, efficient services to people.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the PPP model, its ability of improve infrastrcutre and role to in bring India close to 5 trillion-dollar economy.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by explaining the PPP model in brief.

Body:

First, write about the importance of PPP model in promoting and developing infrastructure in the country. Substantiate with fact/examples the achievements of PPP model in the country.

Next, write about how PPP model can contribute to pushing India towards 5 trillion dollar economy. Evaluate its strengths and limitations.

Conclusion:

Conclude with way forward on how to overcome the limitations.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

5. The conservation of tigers is not just about increasing their numbers as more tigers require more habitat, which is becoming less and less available each day. Evaluate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

In the context of International Tiger Day (July 29), India must not lose sight of the fact that there are other factors critical to ensuring the survival of this big cat

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the importance of habitat conservation in protecting tigers.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context regarding the increase in tiger population in India.

Body:

First, write about the various steps taken in order to conserve the tiger species – Amendment of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972, Constitution of the National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA), project Tiger” and “Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats” and International cooperation etc.

Next, write about the needed to take in to account other factors such as habitat in conserving the tiger population in the India. Write about the steps that are needed in this regard.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: money laundering and its prevention.

6. Critically examine the efficacy of the Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA) in holding those engaging money laundering activities accountable before the law. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian ExpressIndian Express

Why the question:

The Supreme Court’s verdict upholding all the controversial provisions of the Prevention of Money Laundering Act (PMLA) falls short of judicial standards of reviewing legislative action.

Key Demand of the question:

To write successes and limitations of PMLA in achieving its state objectives.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about the aims and objectives of PMLA.

Body:

First, write about the various features of PMLA – its successes and limitations when it comes to holding the launderers accountable.

Next, write about the steps that have been taken to improve the conviction rate in the PMLA. Write about its impact.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward to holistically address the issue of money laundering in the country.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Case Study

7. You are recently posted as district development officer of a district. Shortly thereafter you found that there is considerable tension in the rural areas of your district on the issue of sending girls to schools.

The elders of the village feel that many problems have come up because girls are being educated and they are stepping out of the safe environment of the household. They are the view that the girls should be quickly married off with minimum education. The girls are also competing for jobs after education, which have traditionally remained in boys’ exclusive domain, adding to unemployment amongst male population.

The younger generation feels that in the present era, girls should have equal opportunities for education and employment, and other means of livelihood. The entire locality is divided between sexes in both generations. You come to know that in Panchayat or in other local bodies or even in busy crosswords, the issue is being acrimoniously debated.

One day you are informed that an unpleasant incident has taken place. Some girls were molested, when they were en route to schools. The incident led to clashes between several groups and a law and order problem has arisen. The elder after heated discussion have taken a joint decision not to allow girls to go to school and to socially boycott all such families, which do not follow their dictate.

(a) What steps would you take to ensure girls’ safety without disrupting their education?

(b) How would you manage and mould patriarchic attitude of the village elders to ensure harmony in the inter- generational relations? (250 words) (UPSC 2014)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In brief, mention the facts of the case

Body:

Give the major ethical issues involved along with the stakeholders. Write about the steps that you will take. Evaluate its pros and cons of the options mentioned above.

Next, write the approach you will to manage the patriarchic attitude of the village elders.

Conclusion:

Stress on the importance of emotional intelligence and persuasion in such cases.


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