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Civil society organizations perform important role to help Governments understand and respond to problems and needs on the ground. Critically examine in the context of Indian civil society.

Topic: Development processes and the development industry —the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

4. Civil society organizations perform important role to help Governments understand and respond to problems and needs on the ground. Critically examine in the context of Indian civil society. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The HinduInsights On India

Why the question:

That the Indian state is deeply suspicious of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and civil society leaders was evident even from the 73rd graduation ceremony of the Indian Police Academy in November 2021. National Security Advisor and the Prime Minister’s close aide Ajit Doval had warned budding police officers that civil society was the new frontier of war.

Key Demand of the question: 

To write about the functions of civil society and their successes and limitations in India.

Directive word: 

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning how civil society is considered as the 5th Pillar of democracy.

Body:

First, write about how NGOs and humanitarian aid organizations make it their business to demand accountability from governments, employers, and community members.

Next, mention few successful incidents of civil society participation in bringing about accountability and uphold rule of law.

Next, write about the limitations of civil society in India.

Conclusion:

Conclude by stating that good governance can be achieved through the active participation of all the stakeholders and the civil society being the lynchpin in this.