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Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) has hit 51% mark

GS Paper 2

Syllabus: Welfare schemes


Source: Live Mint

Context: JJM hit 51% completion of the project. From less than 17% of households with a running tap water connection, JJM has enabled reach to more than 34% now in less than 3 years.

 Other data:

About 1.4 million soak beds have been constructed in schools and anganwadis to use recycled water in tap connections.

 How does a village certify as Har Ghar Jal?

Only after the formal resolution by the gram panchayat, with a video recording of the session which has to be uploaded on the portal, can they be counted as a village with Har Ghar Jal.

 Which are the best-performing states?

Three states have declared that they have completed the project: Haryana, Telangana and Goa. But there is substantial progress in Punjab, Gujarat and Bihar, which, although it started a year late, has progressed quickly in providing tap water supplies to rural households.

About the Jal Jeevan Mission:

JJM envisages a supply of 55 litres of water per person per day to every rural household through Functional Household Tap Connections (FHTC) by 2024.

It is under the Ministry of Jal Shakti.

  • It was launched in 2019.
  • Funding is demand-driven.
  • The mission is very strongly focused on Jan bhagidari, or community engagement which is seen as a very important pillar of the project.

The mission ensures:

  1. Functionality of existing water supply systems and water connections.
  2. Water quality monitoring and testing as well as sustainable agriculture.
  3. Coordinated use of surface water and groundwater
  4. Drinking water source augmentation.
  5. Drinking water supply system, grey water treatment and its reuse.

It also encompasses:

  1. Prioritizing provision of FHTCs in poor water quality affected areas, villages in drought-prone and desert areas, Sansad Adarsh Gram Yojana (SAGY) villages, etc.
  2. Providing functional tap connection to Schools, Anganwadi centres, Gram Panchayat buildings, Health centres, wellness centres and community buildings.
  3. Technological interventions for removal of contaminants where water quality is an issue.

Insta Links

Jal Jeevan Mission


Practice Questions

Q. The Jal Jeevan Mission will be a major step towards improving our people’s ease of living and meeting their aspirations of a New India. Analyse. (250 words)