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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 18 July 2022

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

1. Examine the various debates between the Northern states and the Southern states, which in due course instigated the American Civil War. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the various causes of American civil war.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of American Civil war between northern states and southern states.

Body:

First, write major various factors that caused the outbreak of American civil war – Political, Economic and Social causes.

Next, examine whether the civil war was primarily a power conflict between the states or was fought for the issue of slavery? Give examples to substantiate your points.

Conclusion:

Pass a judgement regarding the primary cause of civil war.

 

Topic: History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.— their forms and effect on the society.

2. The French Revolution of 1789 C.E was a watershed moment in world history. The revolution swayed the socio-economic and political life of France and had a profound impact on the rest of the world. Explain. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the impact of French Revolution on France and rest of the world.

Directive word: 

Explain – Clarify the topic by giving a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give the context of French Revolution of 1789 as a total revolution.

Body:

First, write about the impact of the revolution on France – Political, Economic and Social impacts in detail are to be written.

Next, write about the ways in which the revolution impacted the rest of the world in different ways. Mention its impact on India.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing about the legacy of French revolution.

 

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

3. Sangam literature offers valuable insights in reconstructing the history of ancient south India. Discuss. (250 words).

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

Sattanar’s story of Manimekalai from circa the second or third century CE is an action-packed tale with many sub-plots, a curious cast of characters and a methodical comparison of the major Indian doctrines. It also has excellent details on the customs, manners and ceremonies of ‘Tamizhagam’, the old Tamil country that narrowed south to the sea from the northern boundary of the Tirupati hills.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the historical importance of Sangam literature.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by writing about the three Tamil Sangams and the formation of state in Southern India.

Body:

In the first part, write about I detail bring out the various dimensions of the Sangam texts – Ideals, ritualism, mysticism and tale of valour and love.

Next, write about Sangam literature as historical texts, they give information about kings, dynasties, administration, taxes, trade and commerce, societal aspects etc. The classical epics also throw light on contemporary events as well as historical aspects. Show the refined and advanced nature of literature. Use various Sangam texts as examples to substantiate your points.

Write a few criticisms of Sangam literature as historical texts – lack of chronology, discontinuities etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by giving your opinion of Sangam texts as source of history.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

4. With India set to become the most populous nation, improvement of the country’s human development index hinges on providing quality education to the girl child. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

The United Nations latest report, “Population Prospects” forecasts that India will surpass China’s population by 2023, reaching 1.5 billion by 2030 and 1.66 billion by 2050.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the role of women education in improving country’s human development index.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context of India set to become the most populous country.

Body:

In the first part, bring out the various manifestations of India becoming the most populous country.

Next, write about the role of women education in improving country’s human development index and how it can help improve country’s developmental aspects. Write about ways to achieve the same.

Next, mention various other factors that are needed to improve India’s developmental aspects.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

5. Given the geopolitical uncertainties across the world and unprecedented levels of inflation, it will be prudent for India to have a gradual transition from coal to renewables without compromising its energy security. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

Since the onset of the pandemic and over the past few months, after the Ukraine-Russia war, commodity prices, especially that of energy, have surged worldwide. With inflation at unprecedented levels in many countries, concerns over energy security have gained centre stage.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the various obstacles to energy security in India and ways to ensure energy security.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context regarding the energy security in the country.

Body:

In the first part, First, write about the various impediments to India’s energy security – coal shortages, volatility of crude oil, increasing demand, climate commitments and lack of diversification of resources.

Next, write about the need for gradual transition towards clean energy commitments while balancing energy security.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators

6. What do you understand by normative ethics? Explain with examples. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about Normative ethics.

Directive:

Explain – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In the introduction, given brief of major aspects of normative ethics.

Body:

Explain the detail the various of features of normative ethics and its role in helping decide the rightness or wrongness of the actions. Substantiate with examples.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

Topic: Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in-human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics – in private and public relationships.

7. The harm principle is not designed to guide the actions of individuals but to restrict the scope of criminal law and government restrictions of personal liberty. Elaborate. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude by Lexicon Publications.

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Philosophical Mondays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about how Moral philosophies guide our moral compass to describe conscience, our inner sense of right and wrong offers a framework to guide our actions.

Directive:

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the particular context. You must be defining key terms where ever appropriate, and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by describing the harm principle.

Body:

Elaborate on how harm principle is applicable to various aspects of individual, societal and community level actions. Mention the essence behind harm principle and its role in advancing liberties of induvial rather than curtailing it.

Conclusion:

Complete by summarising.


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