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Given the geopolitical uncertainties across the world and unprecedented levels of inflation, it will be prudent for India to have a gradual transition from coal to renewables without compromising its energy security. Examine.

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

5. Given the geopolitical uncertainties across the world and unprecedented levels of inflation, it will be prudent for India to have a gradual transition from coal to renewables without compromising its energy security. Examine. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Why the question:

Since the onset of the pandemic and over the past few months, after the Ukraine-Russia war, commodity prices, especially that of energy, have surged worldwide. With inflation at unprecedented levels in many countries, concerns over energy security have gained centre stage.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the various obstacles to energy security in India and ways to ensure energy security.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context regarding the energy security in the country.

Body:

In the first part, First, write about the various impediments to India’s energy security – coal shortages, volatility of crude oil, increasing demand, climate commitments and lack of diversification of resources.

Next, write about the need for gradual transition towards clean energy commitments while balancing energy security.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.