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Partition triggered riots, mass casualties, and a colossal wave of migration. Examine the impact of partition on the newly independent India.

Topic: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

2. Partition triggered riots, mass casualties, and a colossal wave of migration. Examine the impact of partition on the newly independent India. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Chapter-1 – NCERT XII – Politics in India since Independence

Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the impact of Partition on India.

Directive word:

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning how transfer of power happened hastily resulting in a massive humanitarian crisis.

Body:

In detail, bring out the various issues that were caused due to abrupt and unplanned partition. Communal clashes, refugee crisis, minority issues, threat of administrative breakdown etc.

Mention how the leaders responded to Partition.

Conclusion:

Write about the bitter lessons learnt that made India to evolve into an inclusive and a secular democracy.