Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 12 July 2022

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

MISSION – 2023: YEARLONG TIMETABLE

Join IPM 4.0 to get an assured review of 2 secure answers everyday

 


General Studies – 1


 

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

1. The revolt of 1857 shook the foundations of the British empire in India. What started merely as a sepoy mutiny soon engulfed the peasantry and other civilian population over wide areas in northern India. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Chapter 1- India’s Struggle for Independence by Bipan Chandra

Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the impact created by the revolt of 1857.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by briefly mentioning how the 1857 uprising was successfully quelled by the British.

Body:

First, write about how revolt of 1857 jolted the British administration.

Next, Mention the various re-alignment policies in administration such a British crown taking over control from EIC, Military strengthening, Transfer of Power, Divide and Rule, New Policy Towards the Princess, Search for New allies etc brought by the British as a way to avoid any such future uprising.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning that although the British succeeded in overpowering the Uprising, it proved to be the beginning of resistance from the people of India.

 

 

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

2.  Raja Ram Mohan Roy (1772-1833) was one of the makers of modem India. He is generally hailed as “the father of Modern India”. Though Roy was modernist in his approach, he always tried to link modernity with tradition. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Chapter 9 – A Brief History of Modern India by Rajiv Ahir (Spectrum Publishers)

Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the contributions of Raja Ram Mohan Roy.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a brief intro into the personality of Rajaram Mohan Roy and how western education influenced his perspective on Indian society

Body:

Mention the reforms brought in by Rajaram Mohan Roy such as Reinterpreting Hinduism, his mix of modernism with tradition, on caste and Women’s rights, on sati system, on political liberalism etc.

Write about his various measures he took to achieve the above.

Conclusion:

Conclude by saying his legacy makes him rightly been called as father of Modern India.

 

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.

3. NITI Aayog has been constituted to actualise the important goal of cooperative federalism and to enable good governance in India. NITI Aayog acts as the quintessential platform for the Government of India by bringing States together as ‘Team India’ to work towards the national development agenda. Examine. (250 words).

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian Express

Insights on India

Why the question: Parameswaran Iyer, who had spearheaded the implementation of the flagship $20 billion Swachh Bharat Mission, on Monday took charge as the CEO of Niti Aayog.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the role of NITI Aayog in cooperative federalism, challenges it faces and steps needed to overcome them.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by briefly mentioning aims and objectives of NITI Aayog,

Body:

First, write about the role of NITI Aayog in cooperative federalism and to good governance in India.

Next, write about the various challenges facing NITI Aayog in the present times.

Next, suggest ways to overcome them.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment. 

4. In India’s Unicorn boom, scorching growth with a convergence to the path to profitability is incredibly difficult to achieve. Critically Examine.

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Live Mint 

Why the question: India has more than 100 unicorns—startups that are valued at $1 billion or more. As many as 42 unicorns appeared last year, as against 37 in the previous 10 years.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the factors aiding unicorn boom and steps needed to make them successful.

Directive word: 

Critically examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we have to look into the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, one needs to look at the good and bad of the topic and give a fair judgment.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by defining a Unicorn.

Body:

First, in brief, give reasons for the unicorn boom in India – thriving digital payments ecosystem, large smartphone user base and digital-first business models, and digitization of commerce etc.

Next, write about the impediments to growth and profitability of these Unicorns. Mention the concerns associated with the same.

Next, write about the steps that are needed to ensure their growth – for proper regulatory mechanism, performance pressure, business revenue improvement etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 

 

Topic:  Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

5. The James Webb telescope is an exemplar of collaborative science and human ingenuity. Discuss its significance to the scientific community.  (250 words) 

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference:  The Hindu

Why the question: The first image from NASA’s new space telescope is the deepest view of the universe ever captured.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the significance of James Webb telescope.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by mentioning the context of James Webb telescope.

Body:

In the first part, mention the various features of James Webb telescope.

Next, write about how James Webb telescope will contribute to the advancement of science. Mention the things that have already been observed in it.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.

 

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:  corporate governance.

6. With the rising number of banking frauds, what changes to corporate governance structure of banks do you suggest to tackle it? (150 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question: The biggest banking scam in India has come to the forefront in the midst of celebrations of ‘Aazadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav’; in this case, Dewan Housing Finance Corporation Limited (DHFL) has hoodwinked a consortium of banks driven by the Union Bank of India to the tune of ₹35,000 crore through financial misrepresentation.

Key Demand of the question: To write about changes needed in t4he corporate governance of banks to prevent frauds.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

In the introduction, give context of rising bank frauds.

Body:

First, write about the reasons as to why these banking frauds occur.

Next, mention the changes needed in the corporate governance structure of banks to prevent these frequent scams and frauds.

Conclusion:

 

 

Topic:  Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service 

7.  what do you understand by a ‘responsive civil servant’? Identify the five essential traits of a responsive civil servant. (150 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Why the question: The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 4 and part of ‘Conceptual Tuesdays’ in Mission-2023 Secure.

Key Demand of the question: To write about the essential traits of responsive civil servant.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by describing a responsive civil servant.

Body:

Elaborate on five essential traits of a responsive civil servant. Cite examples to substantiate how those traits make him responsive.

Conclusion:

Complete by mentioning the importance of civil servants being responsive.