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[MISSION 2023] Insights SECURE : Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 8 July 2022

 

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General Studies – 1


 

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

1. Among martyrs who willingly treaded the thorny path with courage and faced the gallows with fortitude, the name of Bhagat Singh shines as a star. He is rightly called ‘Prince of Martyrs’. Elaborate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about how the philosophy and nature of revolution evolved under Bhagat Singh and its essential dimensions and his contributions to national movement.

Directive word: 

Elaborate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a brief about the ideology of Bhagat Singh.

Body:

Mention how the ideology evolved. From the belief in violence and heroic action towards national liberation and then the building of a new socialist society.

Mention the features of the new revolution they believed in. Preventing exploitation of all forms, Freedom, justice, ending communalism, scientific temper etc. Mention the various approaches taken by him to achieve the above goals.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing about the legacy of Bhagat Singh.

 

Topic: The Freedom Struggle — its various stages and important contributors/contributions from different parts of the country.

2. The revolutionaries contributed a great deal in their own way towards the freedom of the country. Although they could not penetrate deeply into the hearts of the masses, they certainly infused in them a sense of patriotism and a determination to drive out foreigners from their soil. Discuss. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write the contributions of revolutionary nationalists and analyze the reasons for the decline of revolutionary strand of national movement in the 1930’s.

Directive word: 

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start by writing about revolutionary national movement and its nature of struggle. Mention important organizations and revolutionaries.

Body:

First, outline the major contributions of the revolutionary nationalists – spreading patriotism, creating fear in the minds of British, making them grant concessions, uniting the people of India, inspiring the youth.

In the next part, write the reasons for the decline of national movement – repression of the government, death/imprisonment of leaders, shift to popular struggle, joining mainstream political movement.

Conclusion:

Summarize that though the acts of individual heroism reduced but the revolutionary zeal remained and it manifested in Gandhian movements and Indian National Army of Bose.

 

Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

3. The mental illnesses and challenges that India’s LGBTQIA+ people face need comprehensive and long-term solutions. Elucidate. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: The Hindu

Why the question:

During the recent celebration of Pride month (June) globally and in India, we witnessed an incredible social media presence filled with striking images and stories. It would not have been amiss to also pause and reflect momentarily on the state of mental health of LGBTQIA++ communities in India.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the discrimination and injustice faced by the LGBTQIA+ community in India and long -term solutions needed for it.

Directive word: 

Elucidate – Give a detailed account as to how and why it occurred, or what is the context. You must be defining key terms wherever appropriate and substantiate with relevant associated facts.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by stating that even though LGBTQIA+ people are given legal backing by abolishing section 377, they are still at the bottom of the hierarchy when it comes to basic human rights within the unit of family and society.

Body:

First, state that the social media campaigns and corporate ads for an inclusive society with respect to LGBTQI+ community have only been to a limited urban population. Many families especially in the rural areas are homophobic and transphobic and often treat people from the community to have some kind of psychological disorder.

Next, mention about issues such as forced rapes within families, admission into hospitals for change of sexual orientation, medical institutions admit people from the community along with other psychologically disturbed and conducting some psychological and sexual experiments, instances of suicides, families abandoning those who come out leading to financial insecurity etc.

Conclusion:

Next mention few NGOs and support groups that are trying to mainstream the cause of LGBTQIA+ community and create a truly inclusive society.

 


General Studies – 2


 

Topic: Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

4. Loss of jobs and incomes after the pandemic has adversely impacted the urban poor. What can make the lives of the urban poor better in the short to medium term? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

To make rapid economic progress, India needs to improve the well-being of the workforce that migrates to cities in the hope of a better life.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about having a relook at urban poor with a new perspective of urban policies, urban planning and institutional frameworks

Directive word:

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you must debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You must give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Begin by giving statistic about the numbers of urban poor in India

Body:

First, mention the various causes of poverty in Urban areas and how it is much more severe than the rural areas.

Next, write about the impact of pandemic on urban poor.

Next, write about institutional framework to help urban poor – minimum wages, social security, food and nutritional security and rehabilitation and resettlement, Housing etc.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 


General Studies – 3


 

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization, of resources, growth, development and employment.

5. What is inflation targeting? From a critical assessment of inflation-targeting by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in the Indian economy. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

India has achieved higher growth and lower inflation than most countries in these difficult times. It is dangerous to apply textbook economic theory based on perfect markets without taking contexts into consideration.

Key Demand of the question: 

To write about significance of inflation targeting while discussing the concerns over the efficacy of inflation targeting by the RBI.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Start with a brief background of the context in the question.

Body:

Firstly, discuss the concept of Inflation targeting first – Inflation control is a legitimate objective of economic policy given the correlation between inflation and macro-economic stability. Inflation targeting is one of the many inflation control policies.

Next, then move onto explain the role of RBI in Inflation control – itis a legitimate objective of economic policy given the correlation between inflation and macro-economic stability. Inflation targeting is one of the many inflation control policies.

Next, write about the shortcomings of RBI.

Conclusion:

Conclude by writing a way forward.

 

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are in jeopardy due to the climate crisis, the COVID-19 pandemic and an increase in the number of conflicts across the world. Evaluate India’s performance with respect to SDGs.

Difficulty level: Tough

Reference: Down to EarthInsights on India

Why the question:

The United Nations-mandated Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) are in danger of slipping away from reach and along with them years of progress on eradicating poverty, hunger and ignorance.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about India’s performance with respect to SDG’s and changes required to achieve the target.

Directive word: 

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidence.  You must appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming an opinion here.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Begin by giving context about 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that are to be achieved by 2030.

Body:

First, mention the important SDGs in brief and write about the various measures taken in order to achieve them.

Next, evaluate India’s performance toward achieving various SDGs by 2030 and mention the shortfalls.

Next, write about the various course corrections that are required in order to ensure that SGDs are achieved by 2030.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic: Case Study

7. You are Vice Principal of a degree college in one of the middle-class towns. The principal has recently retired and management is looking for his replacement. There are also feelers that the management may promote you as Principal. In the meantime, during the annual examination, the flying squad which came from the university caught two students red-handed involving in unfair means. A senior lecturer of the college was personally helping these students in this act. This senior lecturer also happens to be close to the management. One of the students was the son of a local politician who was responsible for getting college affiliated to the present reputed university. The second student was the son of a local businessman who has donated maximum funds for running the college. You immediately informed the management regarding this unfortunate incident. The management told you to resolve the issue with the flying squad at any cost. They further said that such an incident will not only tarnish the image of the college but also the politician and the businessman are very important personalities for the functioning of the college. You were also given hint that your further promotion to Principal depends on your capability in resolving this issue with the flying squad. In the meantime, you were intimidated by your administrative officer that certain members of the student union are protesting outside the college gate against the senior lecturer and the students involved in this incident are demanding strict action against defaulters. (250 words) (UPSC 2021)

a) Discuss the ethical issue involved in the case.

b) Critically examine the options available with you as Vice Principal. What option will you adopt and why?

Difficulty level: Moderate

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

In brief, mention the facts of the case

Body:

Give the major ethical issues involved along with the stakeholders.

Write the various alternatives which you can take as the course of action. Evaluate their pros and cons.

Select the best alternative which solves the issue and is ethically justified. Give solutions for any cons that arise from the possible solution.

Conclusion:

Stress on the importance of fortitude in such cases.


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