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Odisha tops State ranking for implementation of the National Food Security Act

GS Paper 2:

Syllabus: Issues related to poverty and hunger, schemes for the vulnerable sections of society etc

 

Context:

Union Food and Consumer Affairs Minister released the ‘State Ranking Index for NFSA’ 2022 during a conference of State Food Ministers on ‘Food and Nutrition Security of India’.

 

Findings:

  • Odisha is in the first position, followed by Uttar Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh.
  • Among the special category States (the Northeastern States, Himalayan States, and the Island States), Tripura has obtained the first rank. Himachal Pradesh and Sikkim are in the second and third positions.
  • Most states and UTs fared well: The findings from the exercise revealed that most States and Union Territories have fared well in digitisation, Aadhaar seeding, and ePoS installation, which reiterates the strength and scale of the reforms.
  • Improvement needed in certain areas: States and Union Territories have to improve their performance in a few areas:
    • Exercises, such as conducting and documenting social audits thoroughly.
    • Operationalising functions of State food commissions across States and Union Territories.

 

Significance of the Index:

  • It measures the effectiveness of NFSA: The current version of the Index measures the effectiveness of NFSA implementation majorly through operations and initiatives under TPDS (Targeted Public Distribution System).
  • Will lead to the healthy competition: Ranking will lead to healthy competition among States under the NFSA, also known as the food law, under which the Centre provides highly subsidized foodgrains to nearly 80 crore people.
    • The government provides 5 kg of food grains per person per month at ₹1-3 per kg.

 

Key Issues:

  • It does not cover programs and schemes implemented by other ministries and departments under the NFSA.
  • The Index denotes only the efficiency of TPDS operations, it does not reflect the level of hunger, if any or malnutrition, or both, in a particular state or union territory, the report clarified.
  • The Index focuses on NFSA and TPDS reforms, which can be standardized across the States and Union Territories.

 

Insta Links:

NFSA

 

Practice Questions:

Q. The real challenge to India’s food security is poor grain management rather than a shortage of grain production. Comment.

 

Q. With reference to National Food Security Act, consider the following statements:

  1. Food grains under TPDS will be made available at subsidized prices of Rs. 3/2/1 per kg for rice, wheat and coarse grains.
  2. Grievance redressal mechanism is available at the National and State level only

Which of the statements given above is/are not correct?

a. 1 only

b. 2 only

c. Both 1 and 2

d. Neither 1 nor 2

Ans: (b)

Justification:

  • Food grains under TPDS will be made available at subsidized prices of Rs. 3/2/1 per kg for rice, wheat and coarse grains.
  • Identification of Households: The identification of eligible households is to be done by States/UTs under TDPS determined for each State.
  • Grievance redressal mechanisms are available at the District and State levels.

Source: The Hindu