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Landslides are a frequent and recurring phenomenon and most of the risks from landslides are due to inadequate attention paid to the nature of slope and material related aspects. Analyse.

Topic: Disaster and disaster management.

5. Landslides are a frequent and recurring phenomenon and most of the risks from landslides are due to inadequate attention paid to the nature of slope and material related aspects. Analyse. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Easy

Reference: The HinduInsights on India

Why the question:

The landslide that occurred last week in the Tupul area in Manipur’s Noney district will go down as one of the severest natural disasters in the State, with the death toll reaching 38 and more than 25 people remaining trapped below the debris even as rescue efforts were on.

Key Demand of the question:

To analyse the natural anthropogenic causes of landslides and to account for their increased risk.

Directive word: 

Analyse – When asked to analyse, you must examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them in a summary.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Briefly introduce landslide by defining them. Give examples of some major landslides in the recent past.

Body:

Mention the natural factors behind the causes of landslides in India with a few examples. Mention the areas which are most prone to landslides. Draw a small illustrative map showing the same.

Next bring in the instances of human activity induced landslides. Bring forth the anthropogenic factors responsible for causing Landslides. Substantiate with facts and figures regarding the incidence of landslides. For eg:  a 2018 report from Copernicus Publications, which states that 18% of global human-induced landslide casualties occur in India. Mention the stats from recent NCRB report on casualties from Landslides.

Reason as to why the increase in anthropogenic induced landslides is alarming and cause of concern. Give solutions to overcome the same.

Conclusion:

Conclude with a way forward.