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Examine the reasons as to why tribal revolts and rebellions against the colonial regime failed? Why are these revolts significant and what relevance do they have for the present day?

Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues.

2. Examine the reasons as to why tribal revolts and rebellions against the colonial regime failed? Why are these revolts significant and what relevance do they have for the present day? (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Indian ExpressInsights on India

Why the question:

The fourth of July marks the 125th birth anniversary of Alluri Sitarama Raju, one of India’s revolutionary heroes whose guerilla tactics and daring attacks struck terror in the hearts of the British. Let us bow our heads in the memory of such fearless heroes who did not get their due from recorded history. The occasion significantly coincides with the Azadi Ka Amrit Mahotsav celebrations, commemorating the 75th year of Independence.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about how various forms of oppression resulted in various tribal revolts, reasons for its failures and its significance.

Directive word: 

Examine – When asked to ‘Examine’, we must investigate the topic (content words) in detail, inspect it, investigate it and establish the key facts and issues related to the topic in question. While doing so we should explain why these facts and issues are important and their implications.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction:

Start by mentioning that eighteenth and the nineteenth centuries witnessed many tribal uprisings against the oppression of ruling class.

Body:

Mention about the various issues faced by tribals such as imposition of a high land revenue demand by the state, corrupt practices, the colonial policies further aggravating their hardships such as destruction of Indian handloom and handicraft industries eviction of peasants from their lands, encroachment on tribal lands etc, money lenders, eviction etc. Cite a few instances of peasant and tribal revolts such as Bhil, Mappila, Santhal etc to substantiate your points.

Next, write about the reasons for the failure of these revolts.

Next, Write about its significance of these tribal revolts.

Conclusion:

Conclude by mentioning that in the long run up to the National freedom struggle, the Peasants and tribals struggle evolved and became part of main stream national movement eventually.