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The present Indian music has grown and evolved from ancient times and was more or less uniform before the 13th century. Later it bifurcated into the two musical systems – Hindustani and Carnatic. Compare and contrast both systems.

Topic: Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

2. The present Indian music has grown and evolved from ancient times and was more or less uniform before the 13th century. Later it bifurcated into the two musical systems – Hindustani and Carnatic. Compare and contrast both systems. (250 words)

Difficulty level: Moderate

Reference: Insights on India

Why the question:

The question is part of the static syllabus of General studies paper – 1 and mentioned as part of Mission-2023 Secure timetable.

Key Demand of the question:

To write about the evolution of music and compare Hindustani and Carnatic music.

Directive word: 

Compare and contrast – provide for a detailed comparison of the two types, their features that are similar as well as different. One must provide for detailed assessment of the two.

Structure of the answer:

Introduction: 

Give a brief introduction about Indian music. One can state facts, historical genesis of Indian music.

Body:

First, Hindustani and Carnatic music are the two main sub-genres of Indian classical music. While Hindustani music originated in the Vedic period, Carnatic music originated during the Bhakti Movement. Give the detailed differences between the two.

Next, Highlight similarities between Hindustani classical and Carnatic music.

Conclusion:

Conclude by summarising.